Aliases for H1FNT Gene
External Ids for H1FNT Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for H1FNT Gene
Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Nucleosomes consist of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The chromatin fiber is further compacted through the interaction of a linker histone, H1, with the DNA between the nucleosomes to form higher order chromatin structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a replication-independent histone that is a member of the histone H1 family. The related mouse gene encodes a testis specific protein that is required for spermatogenesis and male fertility. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2015]
GeneCards Summary for H1FNT Gene
H1FNT (H1 Histone Family Member N, Testis Specific) is a Protein Coding gene.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for H1FNT Gene
Essential for normal spermatogenesis and male fertility (PubMed:16533358). Required for proper cell restructuring and DNA condensation during the elongation phase of spermiogenesis. Involved in the histone-protamine transition of sperm chromatin and the subsequent production of functional sperm. Binds both double-stranded and single-stranded DNA, ATP and protamine-1.