Aliases for H1-7 Gene
External Ids for H1-7 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for H1-7 Gene
Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Nucleosomes consist of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The chromatin fiber is further compacted through the interaction of a linker histone, H1, with the DNA between the nucleosomes to form higher order chromatin structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a replication-independent histone that is a member of the histone H1 family. The related mouse gene encodes a testis specific protein that is required for spermatogenesis and male fertility. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2015]
GeneCards Summary for H1-7 Gene
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for H1-7 Gene
Essential for normal spermatogenesis and male fertility (PubMed:16533358). Required for proper cell restructuring and DNA condensation during the elongation phase of spermiogenesis. Involved in the histone-protamine transition of sperm chromatin and the subsequent production of functional sperm. Binds both double-stranded and single-stranded DNA, ATP and protamine-1.