Aliases for GTF2B Gene
External Ids for GTF2B Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GTF2B Gene
This gene encodes the general transcription factor IIB, one of the ubiquitous factors required for transcription initiation by RNA polymerase II. The protein localizes to the nucleus where it forms a complex (the DAB complex) with transcription factors IID and IIA. Transcription factor IIB serves as a bridge between IID, the factor which initially recognizes the promoter sequence, and RNA polymerase II. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for GTF2B Gene
GTF2B (General Transcription Factor IIB) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GTF2B include Herpes Simplex and Mental Retardation, Autosomal Dominant 13. Among its related pathways are RNA Polymerase II Transcription Initiation And Promoter Clearance and Spinocerebellar ataxia. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transcription factor binding and thyroid hormone receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is BRF1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for GTF2B Gene
General transcription factor that plays a role in transcription initiation by RNA polymerase II (Pol II). Involved in the pre-initiation complex (PIC) formation and Pol II recruitment at promoter DNA (PubMed:1876184, PubMed:1946368, PubMed:1517211, PubMed:3818643, PubMed:3029109, PubMed:8413225, PubMed:8515820, PubMed:8516311, PubMed:8516312, PubMed:7601352, PubMed:9420329, PubMed:12931194, PubMed:27193682). Together with the TATA box-bound TBP forms the core initiation complex and provides a bridge between TBP and the Pol II-TFIIF complex (PubMed:8504927, PubMed:8413225, PubMed:8515820, PubMed:8516311, PubMed:8516312). Released from the PIC early following the onset of transcription during the initiation and elongation transition and reassociates with TBP during the next transcription cycle (PubMed:7601352). Associates with chromatin to core promoter-specific regions (PubMed:12931194, PubMed:24441171). Binds to two distinct DNA core promoter consensus sequence elements in a TBP-independent manner; these IIB-recognition elements (BREs) are localized immediately upstream (BREu), 5'-[GC][GC][GA]CGCC-3', and downstream (BREd), 5'-[GA]T[TGA][TG][GT][TG][TG]-3', of the TATA box element (PubMed:9420329, PubMed:16230532, PubMed:7675079, PubMed:10619841). Modulates transcription start site selection (PubMed:10318856). Exhibits also autoacetyltransferase activity that contributes to the activated transcription (PubMed:12931194).