Aliases for GSDME Gene
External Ids for GSDME Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for GSDME Gene
Hearing impairment is a heterogeneous condition with over 40 loci described. The protein encoded by this gene is expressed in fetal cochlea, however, its function is not known. Nonsyndromic hearing impairment is associated with a mutation in this gene. Three transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for GSDME Gene
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for GSDME Gene
Plays a role in the TP53-regulated cellular response to DNA damage probably by cooperating with TP53 (PubMed:16897187, PubMed:18223688).
Gasdermin-E, N-terminal: Switches CASP3-mediated apoptosis induced by TNF or danger signals, such as chemotherapy drugs, to pyroptosis (PubMed:28459430, PubMed:27281216). Produced by the cleavage of GSDME by CASP3, perforates cell membrane and thereby induces pyroptosis. After cleavage, moves to the plasma membrane where it strongly binds to inner leaflet lipids, bisphosphorylated phosphatidylinositols, such as phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate (PubMed:28459430). Mediates secondary necrosis downstream of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway and CASP3 activation as well as in response to viral agents (PubMed:28045099). Exhibits bactericidal activity (PubMed:27281216).