Aliases for GRM7 Gene
External Ids for GRM7 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GRM7 Gene
L-glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, and it activates both ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors. Glutamatergic neurotransmission is involved in most aspects of normal brain function and can be perturbed in many neuropathologic conditions. The metabotropic glutamate receptors are a family of G protein-coupled receptors that have been divided into three groups on the basis of sequence homology, putative signal transduction mechanisms, and pharmacologic properties. Group I includes GRM1 and GRM5, and these receptors have been shown to activate phospholipase C. Group II includes GRM2 and GRM3, while Group III includes GRM4, GRM6, GRM7 and GRM8. Group II and III receptors are linked to the inhibition of the cyclic AMP cascade but differ in their agonist selectivities. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2009]
GeneCards Summary for GRM7 Gene
GRM7 (Glutamate Metabotropic Receptor 7) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GRM7 include Age-Related Hearing Loss and Lubs X-Linked Mental Retardation Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Circadian entrainment and GPCRs, Class C Metabotropic glutamate, pheromone. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled receptor activity and PDZ domain binding. An important paralog of this gene is GRM8.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GRM7 Gene
G-protein coupled receptor for glutamate. Ligand binding causes a conformation change that triggers signaling via guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) and modulates the activity of down-stream effectors, such as adenylate cyclase. Signaling inhibits adenylate cyclase activity.
Metabotropic Glutamate (mGlu) group III receptors are members of the metabotropic class of glutamate receptors, which also includes mGlu group I and mGlu group II receptors. Group III receptors are divided into four subtypes, mGlu4, mGlu6, mGlu7 and mGlu8.