Aliases for GRIN2A Gene
External Ids for GRIN2A Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for GRIN2A Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GRIN2A Gene
This gene encodes a member of the glutamate-gated ion channel protein family. The encoded protein is an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunit. NMDA receptors are both ligand-gated and voltage-dependent, and are involved in long-term potentiation, an activity-dependent increase in the efficiency of synaptic transmission thought to underlie certain kinds of memory and learning. These receptors are permeable to calcium ions, and activation results in a calcium influx into post-synaptic cells, which results in the activation of several signaling cascades. Disruption of this gene is associated with focal epilepsy and speech disorder with or without cognitive disability. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2014]
GeneCards Summary for GRIN2A Gene
GRIN2A (Glutamate Ionotropic Receptor NMDA Type Subunit 2A) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GRIN2A include Epilepsy, Focal, With Speech Disorder And With Or Without Mental Retardation and Benign Epilepsy With Centrotemporal Spikes. Among its related pathways are Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Neurophysiological process Glutamate regulation of Dopamine D1A receptor signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium channel activity and ionotropic glutamate receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is GRIN2B.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GRIN2A Gene
Component of NMDA receptor complexes that function as heterotetrameric, ligand-gated ion channels with high calcium permeability and voltage-dependent sensitivity to magnesium. Channel activation requires binding of the neurotransmitter glutamate to the epsilon subunit, glycine binding to the zeta subunit, plus membrane depolarization to eliminate channel inhibition by Mg(2+) (PubMed:8768735, PubMed:26919761, PubMed:26875626, PubMed:28105280). Sensitivity to glutamate and channel kinetics depend on the subunit composition; channels containing GRIN1 and GRIN2A have higher sensitivity to glutamate and faster kinetics than channels formed by GRIN1 and GRIN2B (PubMed:26919761, PubMed:26875626). Contributes to the slow phase of excitatory postsynaptic current, long-term synaptic potentiation, and learning (By similarity).
NMDA receptors are members of the ionotropic class of glutamate receptors, which also includes Kainate and AMPA receptors. NMDA receptors consist of NR1 subunits combined with NR2 (A-D) or NR3 (A-B) subunits. The ligand-gated channel is permeable to cations.