Aliases for GRIFIN Gene

Aliases for GRIFIN Gene

  • Galectin-Related Inter-Fiber Protein 2 3 4 5
  • Grifin 3 4
  • Putative Grifin 3

External Ids for GRIFIN Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GRIFIN Gene

  • GC00U990794
  • GC07M002482
  • GC07M002514

Summaries for GRIFIN Gene

GeneCards Summary for GRIFIN Gene

GRIFIN (Galectin-Related Inter-Fiber Protein) is a Protein Coding gene. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include carbohydrate binding. An important paralog of this gene is LGALS4.

Additional gene information for GRIFIN Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC Summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for GRIFIN Gene

Genomics for GRIFIN Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for GRIFIN Gene

Promoters and enhancers for GRIFIN Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH07J002476 Promoter/Enhancer 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas 500.7 -0.9 -871 2.4 CTCF TEAD4 ZIC2 GABPA TARDBP REST RFX1 RAD21 CTBP1 SMC3 GRIFIN lnc-GRIFIN-1 LFNG RF00017-5972
GH07J002475 Enhancer 0.2 Ensembl 500.7 +0.9 893 0.4 GRIFIN lnc-GRIFIN-1 piR-32287-081
GH07J002474 Enhancer 0.7 Ensembl 0.7 +2.2 2194 1.8 PCBP1 RBM14 CREB1 CTCF SAP130 MAX GABPB1 ZBTB7A RAD21 TFAP4 piR-32287-081 BRAT1 INTS1 LFNG GRIFIN lnc-GRIFIN-1
GH07J002479 Enhancer 0.3 CraniofacialAtlas 0.7 -3.1 -3073 0.8 ZFP36 ZFP3 BRAT1 GRIFIN lnc-GRIFIN-1 RF00017-5972
GH07J002484 Enhancer 0.5 Ensembl 0.4 -8.0 -8007 0.2 ZFHX2 CEBPB ZNF175 HLF CEBPG EGR2 CEBPA RF00017-5972 LFNG TTYH3 AMZ1 BRAT1 GRIFIN lnc-GRIFIN-1
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around GRIFIN on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for GRIFIN

Genomic Locations for GRIFIN Gene

Genomic Locations for GRIFIN Gene
2,259 bases
Minus strand
2,169 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for GRIFIN Gene

Genes around GRIFIN on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GRIFIN Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GRIFIN Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GRIFIN Gene

Proteins for GRIFIN Gene

  • Protein details for GRIFIN Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A0A087WXP5

    Protein attributes for GRIFIN Gene

    144 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    15999 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.
    • Sequence=EAL23956.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

neXtProt entry for GRIFIN Gene

Post-translational modifications for GRIFIN Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for GRIFIN Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GRIFIN Gene

Domains & Families for GRIFIN Gene

Gene Families for GRIFIN Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for GRIFIN Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GRIFIN Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Galectin-related inter-fiber protein (GRIFN_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • The galectin domain is atypical and does not bind beta-galactoside sugars.
  • The galectin domain is atypical and does not bind beta-galactoside sugars.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GRIFIN: view

Function for GRIFIN Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for GRIFIN Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GRIFIN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0030246 carbohydrate binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GRIFIN: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for GRIFIN

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GRIFIN Gene

Localization for GRIFIN Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GRIFIN gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 1
extracellular 1
cytoskeleton 1
nucleus 1
cytosol 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GRIFIN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IBA 21873635
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GRIFIN: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for GRIFIN Gene

Pathways & Interactions for GRIFIN Gene

PathCards logo

SuperPathways for GRIFIN Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for GRIFIN Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GRIFIN Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for GRIFIN Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GRIFIN Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for GRIFIN Gene


1 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
2 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for GRIFIN

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GRIFIN Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for GRIFIN Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for

Expression for GRIFIN Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for GRIFIN Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GRIFIN Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin - Sun Exposed (Lower leg) (x5.6) and Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (x5.1).

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GRIFIN Gene:

Tissue specificity: Not detected in lens.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GRIFIN: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners , Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for GRIFIN Gene

Orthologs for GRIFIN Gene

Evolution for GRIFIN Gene

Gene Tree for GRIFIN (if available)
Gene Tree for GRIFIN (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for GRIFIN: view image

No data available for Orthologs for GRIFIN Gene

Paralogs for GRIFIN Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GRIFIN: view

Variants for GRIFIN Gene

Additional dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for GRIFIN Gene

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GRIFIN Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1032737 CNV gain 25217958
nsv471216 CNV loss 18288195
nsv950792 CNV deletion 24416366

Additional Variant Information for GRIFIN Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP and Variation tolerance for GRIFIN Gene

Disorders for GRIFIN Gene

Additional Disease Information for GRIFIN

No disorders were found for GRIFIN Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GRIFIN Gene

Publications for GRIFIN Gene

  1. A comparative gene expression profile of the whole eye from human, mouse, and guinea pig. (PMID: 18087242) Zhou X … Qu J (Molecular vision 2007) 2 3 4 54
  2. The DNA sequence of human chromosome 7. (PMID: 12853948) Hillier LW … Wilson RK (Nature 2003) 3 4 54
  3. Human chromosome 7: DNA sequence and biology. (PMID: 12690205) Scherer SW … Tsui LC (Science (New York, N.Y.) 2003) 3 4 54
  4. GRIFIN, a novel lens-specific protein related to the galectin family. (PMID: 9786891) Ogden AT … Lang RA (The Journal of biological chemistry 1998) 2 3 54
  5. Phylogenetic-based propagation of functional annotations within the Gene Ontology consortium. (PMID: 21873635) Gaudet P … Thomas PD (Briefings in bioinformatics 2011) 3 54

Products for GRIFIN Gene

Sources for GRIFIN Gene