Aliases for GRIA2 Gene
External Ids for GRIA2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for GRIA2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GRIA2 Gene
Glutamate receptors are the predominant excitatory neurotransmitter receptors in the mammalian brain and are activated in a variety of normal neurophysiologic processes. This gene product belongs to a family of glutamate receptors that are sensitive to alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate (AMPA), and function as ligand-activated cation channels. These channels are assembled from 4 related subunits, GRIA1-4. The subunit encoded by this gene (GRIA2) is subject to RNA editing (CAG->CGG; Q->R) within the second transmembrane domain, which is thought to render the channel impermeable to Ca(2+). Human and animal studies suggest that pre-mRNA editing is essential for brain function, and defective GRIA2 RNA editing at the Q/R site may be relevant to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) etiology. Alternative splicing, resulting in transcript variants encoding different isoforms, (including the flip and flop isoforms that vary in their signal transduction properties), has been noted for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for GRIA2 Gene
GRIA2 (Glutamate Ionotropic Receptor AMPA Type Subunit 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GRIA2 include Neurodevelopmental Disorder With Language Impairment And Behavioral Abnormalities and Status Epilepticus. Among its related pathways are Glutamate Binding, Activation of AMPA Receptors and Synaptic Plasticity and Pathways of neurodegeneration - multiple diseases. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include ionotropic glutamate receptor activity and AMPA glutamate receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is GRIA4.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for GRIA2 Gene
Receptor for glutamate that functions as ligand-gated ion channel in the central nervous system and plays an important role in excitatory synaptic transmission. L-glutamate acts as an excitatory neurotransmitter at many synapses in the central nervous system. Binding of the excitatory neurotransmitter L-glutamate induces a conformation change, leading to the opening of the cation channel, and thereby converts the chemical signal to an electrical impulse. The receptor then desensitizes rapidly and enters a transient inactive state, characterized by the presence of bound agonist. In the presence of CACNG4 or CACNG7 or CACNG8, shows resensitization which is characterized by a delayed accumulation of current flux upon continued application of glutamate. Through complex formation with NSG1, GRIP1 and STX12 controls the intracellular fate of AMPAR and the endosomal sorting of the GRIA2 subunit toward recycling and membrane targeting (By similarity).
AMPA receptors are members of the ionotropic class of glutamate receptors, which also includes NMDA and kainate receptors. AMPA receptors mediate fast excitatory synaptic transmission and play a role in hippocampal synaptic long-term potentiation and depression.