Aliases for GRHL3 Gene
External Ids for GRHL3 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for GRHL3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GRHL3 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the grainyhead family of transcription factors. The encoded protein may function as a transcription factor during development, and has been shown to stimulate migration of endothelial cells. Multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Aug 2010]
GeneCards Summary for GRHL3 Gene
GRHL3 (Grainyhead Like Transcription Factor 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GRHL3 include Van Der Woude Syndrome 2 and Van Der Woude Syndrome 1. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA-binding transcription factor activity and DNA-binding transcription factor activity, RNA polymerase II-specific. An important paralog of this gene is GRHL1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for GRHL3 Gene
Transcription factor playing important roles in primary neurulation and in the differentiation of stratified epithelia of both ectodermal and endodermal origin (By similarity). Binds directly to the consensus DNA sequence 5'-AACCGGTT-3' acting as an activator and repressor on distinct target genes (PubMed:21081122, PubMed:25347468). xhibits functional redundancy with GRHL2 in epidermal morphogenetic events and epidermal wound repair (By similarity). Exhibits functional redundancy with GRHL2 in epidermal morphogenetic events and epidermal wound repair but is essential to form the epidermal barrier with TGM3 as critical direct target gene among others. Despite being dispensable during normal epidermal homeostasis in the adulthood, is again required for barrier repair after immune-mediated epidermal damage, regulates distinct gene batteries in embryonic epidermal differentiation and adult epidermal barrier reformation after injury. Plays unique and cooperative roles with GRHL2 in establishing distinct zones of primary neurulation. Essential for spinal closure, functions cooperatively with GRHL2 in closure 2 (forebrain/midbrain boundary) and posterior neuropore closure (By similarity). Also required for proper development of the oral periderm (PubMed:24360809). No genetic interaction with GRHL3, no functional cooperativity due to diverse target gene selectivity (PubMed:21081122).