Aliases for GPX6 Gene
External Ids for GPX6 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for GPX6 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GPX6 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the glutathione peroxidase family, members of which catalyze the reduction of hydrogen peroxide, organic hydroperoxides and lipid hydroperoxides, and thereby protect cells against oxidative damage. Several isozymes of this gene family exist in vertebrates, which vary in cellular location and substrate specificity. Expression of this gene has been observed in embryos and olfactory epithelium; however, the exact function of this gene is not known. This isozyme is a selenoprotein in humans, containing the rare amino acid selenocysteine (Sec) at its active site. Sec is encoded by the UGA codon, which normally signals translation termination. The 3' UTRs of selenoprotein mRNAs contain a conserved stem-loop structure, designated the Sec insertion sequence (SECIS) element, that is necessary for the recognition of UGA as a Sec codon, rather than as a stop signal. The orthologs of this gene in mouse and rat (and some other species) contain a cysteine (Cys) residue in place of the Sec residue, and their corresponding mRNAs lack SECIS element. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2017]
GeneCards Summary for GPX6 Gene
GPX6 (Glutathione Peroxidase 6) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GPX6 include Anemia, Nonspherocytic Hemolytic, Due To G6pd Deficiency and Photokeratitis. Among its related pathways are Folate Metabolism and Detoxification of Reactive Oxygen Species. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include glutathione peroxidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is GPX3.