External Ids for GPS2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GPS2 Gene
This gene encodes a protein involved in G protein-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascades. When overexpressed in mammalian cells, this gene could potently suppress a RAS- and MAPK-mediated signal and interfere with JNK activity, suggesting that the function of this gene may be signal repression. The encoded protein is an integral subunit of the NCOR1-HDAC3 (nuclear receptor corepressor 1-histone deacetylase 3) complex, and it was shown that the complex inhibits JNK activation through this subunit and thus could potentially provide an alternative mechanism for hormone-mediated antagonism of AP1 (activator protein 1) function. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for GPS2 Gene
GPS2 (G Protein Pathway Suppressor 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GPS2 include Liposarcoma and Hepatitis C Virus. Among its related pathways are Activated PKN1 stimulates transcription of AR (androgen receptor) regulated genes KLK2 and KLK3 and Human T-cell leukemia virus 1 infection. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transcription corepressor activity and GTPase inhibitor activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for GPS2 Gene
Key regulator of inflammation, lipid metabolism and mitochondrion homeostasis that acts by inhibiting the activity of the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme UBE2N/Ubc13, thereby inhibiting 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitination (By similarity). In the nucleus, can both acts as a corepressor and coactivator of transcription, depending on the context (PubMed:24943844). Acts as a transcription coactivator in adipocytes by promoting the recruitment of PPARG to promoters: acts by inhibiting the activity of the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme UBE2N/Ubc13, leading to stabilization of KDM4A and subsequent histone H3 'Lys-9' (H3K9) demethylation (By similarity). Promotes cholesterol efflux by acting as a transcription coactivator (PubMed:19481530). Acts as a regulator of B-cell development by inhibiting UBE2N/Ubc13, thereby restricting the activation of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and B-cell antigen receptors (BCRs) signaling pathways (By similarity). Acts as a key mediator of mitochondrial stress response: in response to mitochondrial depolarization, relocates from the mitochondria to the nucleus following desumoylation and specifically promotes expression of nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes (PubMed:29499132). Promotes transcription of nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes by inhibiting UBE2N/Ubc13 (PubMed:29499132). Can also act as a corepressor as part of the N-Cor repressor complex by repressing active PPARG (PubMed:19858209, PubMed:24943844). Plays an anti-inflammatory role in macrophages and is required for insulin sensitivity by acting as a corepressor (By similarity). Plays an anti-inflammatory role during the hepatic acute phase response by interacting with sumoylated NR1H2 and NR5A2 proteins, thereby preventing N-Cor corepressor complex dissociation (PubMed:20159957). In the cytosol, also plays a non-transcriptional role by regulating insulin signaling and pro-inflammatory pathways (By similarity). In the cytoplasm, acts as a negative regulator of inflammation by inhibiting the proinflammatory TNF-alpha pathway; acts by repressing UBE2N/Ubc13 activity (By similarity). In the cytoplasm of adipocytes, restricts the activation of insulin signaling via inhibition of UBE2N/Ubc13-mediated ubiquitination of AKT (By similarity). Able to suppress G-protein- and mitogen-activated protein kinase-mediated signal transduction (PubMed:8943324). Acts as a tumor-suppressor in liposarcoma (PubMed:27460081).
(Microbial infection) Required for efficient replication of hepatitis C virus (HCV) by promoting the interaction between VAPA and HCV virus protein NS5A.