Aliases for GPC3 Gene
External Ids for GPC3 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for GPC3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GPC3 Gene
Cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans are composed of a membrane-associated protein core substituted with a variable number of heparan sulfate chains. Members of the glypican-related integral membrane proteoglycan family (GRIPS) contain a core protein anchored to the cytoplasmic membrane via a glycosyl phosphatidylinositol linkage. These proteins may play a role in the control of cell division and growth regulation. The protein encoded by this gene can bind to and inhibit the dipeptidyl peptidase activity of CD26, and it can induce apoptosis in certain cell types. Deletion mutations in this gene are associated with Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome, also known as Simpson dysmorphia syndrome. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]
GeneCards Summary for GPC3 Gene
GPC3 (Glypican 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GPC3 include Simpson-Golabi-Behmel Syndrome, Type 1 and Wilms Tumor 1. Among its related pathways are Glycosaminoglycan metabolism and Chondroitin sulfate/dermatan sulfate metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include heparan sulfate proteoglycan binding and peptidyl-dipeptidase inhibitor activity. An important paralog of this gene is GPC5.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GPC3 Gene
Cell surface proteoglycan that bears heparan sulfate. Inhibits the dipeptidyl peptidase activity of DPP4. May be involved in the suppression/modulation of growth in the predominantly mesodermal tissues and organs. May play a role in the modulation of IGF2 interactions with its receptor and thereby modulate its function. May regulate growth and tumor predisposition.