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Aliases for GNB1L Gene

Aliases for GNB1L Gene

  • G Protein Subunit Beta 1 Like 2 3 5
  • Guanine Nucleotide Binding Protein (G Protein), Beta Polypeptide 1-Like 2 3
  • WD40 Repeat-Containing Protein Deleted In VCFS 3 4
  • G Protein Subunit Beta-Like Protein 1 3 4
  • WD Repeat-Containing Protein 14 3 4
  • DGCRK3 3 4
  • WDR14 3 4
  • WDVCF 3 4
  • GY2 3 4
  • Guanine Nucleotide Binding Protein Beta-Subunit-Like Polypeptide 3
  • Guanine Nucleotide-Binding Protein Subunit Beta-Like Protein 1 3
  • G-Protein Beta Subunit-Like Protein 3
  • KIAA1645 4
  • FKSG1 3

External Ids for GNB1L Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GNB1L Gene

  • GC22M016716
  • GC22M018145
  • GC22M018150
  • GC22M003395

Summaries for GNB1L Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GNB1L Gene

  • This gene encodes a G-protein beta-subunit-like polypeptide which is a member of the WD repeat protein family. WD repeats are minimally conserved regions of approximately 40 amino acids typically bracketed by gly-his and trp-asp (GH-WD), which may facilitate formation of heterotrimeric or multiprotein complexes. Members of this family are involved in a variety of cellular processes, including cell cycle progression, signal transduction, apoptosis, and gene regulation. This protein contains 6 WD repeats and is highly expressed in the heart. The gene maps to the region on chromosome 22q11, which is deleted in DiGeorge syndrome, trisomic in derivative 22 syndrome and tetrasomic in cat-eye syndrome. Therefore, this gene may contribute to the etiology of those disorders. Transcripts from this gene share exons with some transcripts from the C22orf29 gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GNB1L Gene

GNB1L (G Protein Subunit Beta 1 Like) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GNB1L include Digeorge Syndrome and Spinal Cord Glioma. Among its related pathways are ERK Signaling and ADP signalling through P2Y purinoceptor 12.

Gene Wiki entry for GNB1L Gene

Additional gene information for GNB1L Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GNB1L Gene

Genomics for GNB1L Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for GNB1L Gene

Promoters and enhancers for GNB1L Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH22J019852 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 661.3 -0.1 -110 4.8 HDGF CLOCK SMAD1 MLX ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 RTL10 GNB1L TRMT2A LINC01311 DGCR8 TXNRD2 MED15 RPL8P5 RANBP1 ESS2
GH22J019874 Enhancer 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.1 -24.0 -23978 9.7 PKNOX1 FOXA2 ZFP64 ARID4B NEUROD1 SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 FOS RPL8P5 LOC100420177 LINC01311 TXNRD2 ZNF74 DGCR8 ENSG00000273343 TRMT2A KLHL22 GNB1L
GH22J019848 Promoter/Enhancer 1.4 EPDnew ENCODE dbSUPER 10 +5.0 5037 3.4 NEUROD1 ZIC2 IRF9 ZNF664 POLR2A PATZ1 PRDM10 ZNF600 FOS MAFK RTL10 GC22M019850 PIR55867 PIR57779 TXNRD2 RPL8P5 GNB1L PIR37749
GH22J019884 Enhancer 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 6.9 -31.7 -31710 5.1 BRD4 CTCF PKNOX1 ATF1 JUN TEAD4 MAX CEBPG ZIC2 ZFHX2 RPL8P5 TXNRD2 GNB1L RTL10 COMT TRMT2A GC22M019875
GH22J019760 Enhancer 1.6 VISTA Ensembl ENCODE 6 +90.6 90616 8.3 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 FOXA2 ARNT SIN3A ZNF2 POLR2B ZNF213 E2F8 DGCR8 TRMT2A LINC01311 LOC100420177 ZDHHC8 RPL8P5 MED15 KLHL22 UFD1 ABHD17AP4
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around GNB1L on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the GNB1L gene promoter:
  • Pax-4a
  • E2F
  • E2F-1
  • E2F-2
  • E2F-3a
  • E2F-4
  • E2F-5
  • C/EBPalpha
  • CHOP-10
  • LCR-F1

Genomic Locations for GNB1L Gene

Genomic Locations for GNB1L Gene
71,716 bases
Minus strand
71,716 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for GNB1L Gene

Genes around GNB1L on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GNB1L Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GNB1L Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GNB1L Gene

Proteins for GNB1L Gene

  • Protein details for GNB1L Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Guanine nucleotide-binding protein subunit beta-like protein 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q9H2S2
    • Q9H4M4

    Protein attributes for GNB1L Gene

    327 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    35618 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=BAB33315.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for GNB1L Gene


neXtProt entry for GNB1L Gene

Post-translational modifications for GNB1L Gene

  • Ubiquitination at isoforms=220 and isoforms=291
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for GNB1L Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GNB1L Gene

Domains & Families for GNB1L Gene

Gene Families for GNB1L Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GNB1L Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GNB1L: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GNB1L Gene

Function for GNB1L Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for GNB1L Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GNB1L Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003674 molecular_function ND --
GO:0005515 protein binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GNB1L: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GNB1L: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for GNB1L

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for GNB1L

Clone Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GNB1L Gene

Localization for GNB1L Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GNB1L gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5
cytosol 3
nucleus 2
extracellular 1
mitochondrion 1
peroxisome 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GNB1L Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0009898 cytoplasmic side of plasma membrane NAS 11072084
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GNB1L: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GNB1L Gene

Pathways & Interactions for GNB1L Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GNB1L: view

Pathways by source for GNB1L Gene

1 PharmGKB pathway for GNB1L Gene
1 Qiagen pathway for GNB1L Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GNB1L Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007186 G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway NAS 11072084
GO:0035176 social behavior IEA --
GO:0035556 intracellular signal transduction NAS 11072084
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GNB1L: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GNB1L Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GNB1L Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for GNB1L Gene

mRNA/cDNA for GNB1L Gene

Unigene Clusters for GNB1L Gene

Guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), beta polypeptide 1-like:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for GNB1L

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GNB1L Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for GNB1L Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GNB1L Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for GNB1L Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GNB1L Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Monocytes (35.2), CD8 Tcells (12.1), and CD4 Tcells (12.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for GNB1L Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for GNB1L Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GNB1L Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GNB1L Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GNB1L Gene:

Tissue specificity: Ubiquitous. Highly expressed in heart, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney, spleen, thymus and pancreas. Detected at low levels in lung, placenta and brain.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for GNB1L Gene

  • Nervous system(4.8)
  • Lung(4.4)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GNB1L: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for GNB1L Gene

Orthologs for GNB1L Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for GNB1L Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GNB1L 34
  • 98 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GNB1L 34 33
  • 86.05 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GNB1L 34 33
  • 83.02 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gnb1l 33
  • 82.43 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gnb1l 16 34 33
  • 82 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GNB1L 34
  • 68 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GNB1L 34
  • 57 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GNB1L 34 33
  • 65.71 (n)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gnb1l 33
  • 59.89 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gnb1l 34 33
  • 58.66 (n)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.2409 33
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP011814 33
  • 50.06 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG13192 34 33
  • 44.6 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons EMB2757 33
  • 41.78 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os06g0131100 33
  • 42.08 (n)
Species where no ortholog for GNB1L was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for GNB1L Gene

Gene Tree for GNB1L (if available)
Gene Tree for GNB1L (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for GNB1L: view image

Paralogs for GNB1L Gene

No data available for Paralogs for GNB1L Gene

Variants for GNB1L Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GNB1L Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 22 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs61758989 A breast cancer sample 19,788,807(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs150444079 likely-benign, not specified 19,820,682(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs867982105 likely-benign, not specified 19,788,857(-) A/G coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs531274092 uncertain-significance, not provided 19,821,303(-) C/A/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs1000004808 -- 19,789,743(-) G/T intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GNB1L Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv1288e212 CNV loss 25503493
dgv725n67 CNV gain 20364138
dgv7983n54 CNV gain 21841781
esv2662570 CNV deletion 23128226
esv3568260 CNV loss 25503493
esv3568263 CNV loss 25503493
esv3575418 CNV gain 25503493
esv3647279 CNV gain 21293372
esv3893434 CNV gain 25118596
nsv438325 CNV loss 16468122
nsv471181 CNV loss 18288195
nsv517478 CNV loss 19592680
nsv588216 CNV gain 21841781
nsv828938 CNV gain 20364138
nsv828939 CNV loss 20364138
nsv828943 CNV loss 20364138
nsv828949 CNV gain 20364138
nsv834128 CNV loss 17160897
nsv834129 CNV loss 17160897
nsv834130 CNV loss 17160897
nsv953024 CNV deletion 24416366
nsv964584 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for GNB1L Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 85.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 7.51; 82.25% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for GNB1L Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GNB1L Gene

Disorders for GNB1L Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(6) MalaCards diseases for GNB1L Gene - From: HGMD, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
digeorge syndrome
  • dgs
spinal cord glioma
  • glial neoplasm spinal cord
hypopharynx cancer
  • hypopharyngeal cancer
cat eye syndrome
  • ces
spinal cord disease
  • myelopathy
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search GNB1L in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for GNB1L

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GNB1L: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GNB1L Gene

Publications for GNB1L Gene

  1. GNB1L, a gene deleted in the critical region for DiGeorge syndrome on 22q11, encodes a G-protein beta-subunit-like polypeptide. (PMID: 11072084) Gong L … Yeh ET (Biochimica et biophysica acta 2000) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Isolation and characterization of a novel gene containing WD40 repeats from the region deleted in velo-cardio-facial/DiGeorge syndrome on chromosome 22q11. (PMID: 11350118) Funke B … Morrow BE (Genomics 2001) 3 4 22 58
  3. Supportive evidence for reduced expression of GNB1L in schizophrenia. (PMID: 19011233) Ishiguro H … Arinami T (Schizophrenia bulletin 2010) 3 44 58
  4. Strong evidence that GNB1L is associated with schizophrenia. (PMID: 18003636) Williams NM … Owen MJ (Human molecular genetics 2008) 3 44 58
  5. A genome annotation-driven approach to cloning the human ORFeome. (PMID: 15461802) Collins JE … Dunham I (Genome biology 2004) 3 4 58

Products for GNB1L Gene

Sources for GNB1L Gene

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