Aliases for GNAI3 Gene
- G Protein Subunit Alpha I3 2 3 5
- Guanine Nucleotide Binding Protein (G Protein), Alpha Inhibiting Activity Polypeptide 3 2 3
- Guanine Nucleotide-Binding Protein G(K) Subunit Alpha 2 3
- G(I) Alpha-3 3 4
- 87U6 2 3
- Guanine Nucleotide-Binding Protein G(I) Subunit Alpha-3 4
- Guanine Nucleotide-Binding Protein G(I) Subunit Alpha 3
- ARCND1 3
- GNAI3 5
External Ids for GNAI3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GNAI3 Gene
Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are involved as modulators or transducers in various transmembrane signaling pathways. G proteins are composed of 3 units: alpha, beta and gamma. This gene encodes an alpha subunit and belongs to the G-alpha family. Mutation in this gene, resulting in a gly40-to-arg substitution, is associated with auriculocondylar syndrome, and shown to affect downstream targets in the G protein-coupled endothelin receptor pathway. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2012]
GeneCards Summary for GNAI3 Gene
GNAI3 (G Protein Subunit Alpha I3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GNAI3 include Auriculocondylar Syndrome 1 and Auriculo-Condylar Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Beta-Adrenergic Signaling and ERK Signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include GTP binding and obsolete signal transducer activity. An important paralog of this gene is GNAI1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for GNAI3 Gene
Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) function as transducers downstream of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) in numerous signaling cascades. The alpha chain contains the guanine nucleotide binding site and alternates between an active, GTP-bound state and an inactive, GDP-bound state. Signaling by an activated GPCR promotes GDP release and GTP binding. The alpha subunit has a low GTPase activity that converts bound GTP to GDP, thereby terminating the signal. Both GDP release and GTP hydrolysis are modulated by numerous regulatory proteins (PubMed:8774883, PubMed:18434541, PubMed:19478087). Signaling is mediated via effector proteins, such as adenylate cyclase. Inhibits adenylate cyclase activity, leading to decreased intracellular cAMP levels (PubMed:19478087). Stimulates the activity of receptor-regulated K(+) channels (PubMed:2535845). The active GTP-bound form prevents the association of RGS14 with centrosomes and is required for the translocation of RGS14 from the cytoplasm to the plasma membrane. May play a role in cell division (PubMed:17635935).
Heterotrimeric G proteins are membrane bound GTPases that are linked to 7-TM receptors. Each G protein contains an alpha-, beta- and gamma-subunit and is bound to GDP in the 'off' state. Ligand binding causes a receptor conformational change, detaching the G protein and switching it 'on'.