Aliases for GLRB Gene
External Ids for GLRB Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GLRB Gene
This gene encodes the beta subunit of the glycine receptor, which is a pentamer composed of alpha and beta subunits. The receptor functions as a neurotransmitter-gated ion channel, which produces hyperpolarization via increased chloride conductance due to the binding of glycine to the receptor. Mutations in this gene cause startle disease, also known as hereditary hyperekplexia or congenital stiff-person syndrome, a disease characterized by muscular rigidity. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]
GeneCards Summary for GLRB Gene
GLRB (Glycine Receptor Beta) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GLRB include Hyperekplexia 2 and Hyperekplexia. Among its related pathways are Ligand-gated ion channel transport and Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include drug binding and glycine binding. An important paralog of this gene is GLRA2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for GLRB Gene
Glycine receptors are ligand-gated chloride channels. GLRB does not form ligand-gated ion channels by itself, but is part of heteromeric ligand-gated chloride channels. Channel opening is triggered by extracellular glycine (PubMed:8717357, PubMed:15302677, PubMed:16144831, PubMed:22715885, PubMed:25445488, PubMed:11929858, PubMed:23238346). Heteropentameric channels composed of GLRB and GLRA1 are activated by lower glycine levels than homopentameric GLRA1 (PubMed:8717357). Plays an important role in the down-regulation of neuronal excitability (PubMed:11929858, PubMed:23238346). Contributes to the generation of inhibitory postsynaptic currents (PubMed:25445488).
Glycine receptors (GlyR) are members of the cys-loop family of ligand-gated ion channels, responsible for mediating the inhibitory effects of glycine. They are widely distributed throughout the CNS, particularly within the hippocampus, spinal cord and brain stem.