Aliases for GLRA2 Gene
External Ids for GLRA2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for GLRA2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GLRA2 Gene
The glycine receptor consists of two subunits, alpha and beta, and acts as a pentamer. The protein encoded by this gene is an alpha subunit and can bind strychnine. Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.[provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]
GeneCards Summary for GLRA2 Gene
GLRA2 (Glycine Receptor Alpha 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GLRA2 include Hyperekplexia and Rett Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds and Peptide ligand-binding receptors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity and extracellularly glycine-gated chloride channel activity. An important paralog of this gene is GLRA3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for GLRA2 Gene
Glycine receptors are ligand-gated chloride channels. Channel opening is triggered by extracellular glycine (PubMed:2155780, PubMed:15302677, PubMed:16144831, PubMed:23895467, PubMed:25445488). Channel opening is also triggered by taurine and beta-alanine (PubMed:15302677). Plays a role in the down-regulation of neuronal excitability. Contributes to the generation of inhibitory postsynaptic currents (PubMed:25445488). Plays a role in cellular responses to ethanol (PubMed:23895467).
Glycine receptors (GlyR) are members of the cys-loop family of ligand-gated ion channels, responsible for mediating the inhibitory effects of glycine. They are widely distributed throughout the CNS, particularly within the hippocampus, spinal cord and brain stem.