Aliases for GLP1R Gene
External Ids for GLP1R Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GLP1R Gene
This gene encodes a 7-transmembrane protein that functions as a receptor for glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) hormone, which stimulates glucose-induced insulin secretion. This receptor, which functions at the cell surface, becomes internalized in response to GLP-1 and GLP-1 analogs, and it plays an important role in the signaling cascades leading to insulin secretion. It also displays neuroprotective effects in animal models. Polymorphisms in this gene are associated with diabetes. The protein is an important drug target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and stroke. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2016]
GeneCards Summary for GLP1R Gene
GLP1R (Glucagon Like Peptide 1 Receptor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GLP1R include Insulinoma and Hyperglycemia. Among its related pathways are GPCRs, Class B Secretin-like and Presynaptic function of Kainate receptors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G protein-coupled receptor activity and glucagon receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is GLP2R.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for GLP1R Gene
G-protein coupled receptor for glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) (PubMed:8405712, PubMed:8216285, PubMed:7517895, PubMed:19861722, PubMed:26308095, PubMed:27196125, PubMed:28514449). Ligand binding triggers activation of a signaling cascade that leads to the activation of adenylyl cyclase and increased intracellular cAMP levels (PubMed:8405712, PubMed:8216285, PubMed:7517895, PubMed:19861722, PubMed:26308095, PubMed:27196125, PubMed:28514449). Plays a role in regulating insulin secretion in response to GLP-1 (By similarity).
Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptors are members of the glucagon receptor family that also includes glucagon, GLP-2, secretin, GHRH and GIP receptors. GLP-1 receptors are found both centrally and peripherally. GLP-1 receptors mediate the effects of the incretin axis.