This gene encodes a homodimeric glycoprotein that hydrolyses the terminal alpha-galactosyl moieties from glycolipids and glycoproteins. This enzyme predominantly hydrolyzes ceramide trihexoside, and it can catalyze the hydrolysis of melibiose into galactose and glucose. A variety of mutations in this gene affect the synthesis, processing, and stability of this enzyme, which cau... See more...

Aliases for GLA Gene

Aliases for GLA Gene

  • Galactosidase Alpha 2 3 5
  • Galactosylgalactosylglucosylceramidase GLA 3 4
  • Alpha-D-Galactosidase A 3 4
  • Alpha-Galactosidase A 3 4
  • EC 4 50
  • Melibiase 3 4
  • GALA 2 3
  • Alpha-D-Galactoside Galactohydrolase 1 3
  • Alpha-D-Galactoside Galactohydrolase 4
  • Agalsidase Alfa 3
  • Alpha-Gal A 3
  • EC 4
  • Agalsidase 4
  • EC 3.2.1 50
  • GLA 5

External Ids for GLA Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GLA Gene

  • GC0XM095944
  • GC0XM097623
  • GC0XM098688
  • GC0XM099424
  • GC0XM100458
  • GC0XM100539
  • GC0XM100652
  • GC0XM090459
  • GC0XM101397

Summaries for GLA Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GLA Gene

  • This gene encodes a homodimeric glycoprotein that hydrolyses the terminal alpha-galactosyl moieties from glycolipids and glycoproteins. This enzyme predominantly hydrolyzes ceramide trihexoside, and it can catalyze the hydrolysis of melibiose into galactose and glucose. A variety of mutations in this gene affect the synthesis, processing, and stability of this enzyme, which causes Fabry disease, a rare lysosomal storage disorder that results from a failure to catabolize alpha-D-galactosyl glycolipid moieties. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GLA Gene

GLA (Galactosidase Alpha) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GLA include Fabry Disease and Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. Among its related pathways are Sphingolipid metabolism and Lysosome. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and hydrolase activity. An important paralog of this gene is NAGA.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for GLA Gene

  • Catalyzes the hydrolysis of glycosphingolipids and participates to their degradation in the lysosome.

Gene Wiki entry for GLA Gene

No data available for CIViC Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for GLA Gene

Genomics for GLA Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements Pubs

Promoters and enhancers for GLA Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH0XJ101406 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas 273 -0.4 -412 5.6 SP1 IKZF1 MYC ZNF600 NCOR1 ZNF580 ATF2 POLR2A ZNF10 BRCA1 GLA HNRNPH2 PPIAP90 ARMCX4 RPL36A ARMCX1 ENSG00000261101 lnc-ARMCX4-2 RPL36A-HNRNPH2 lnc-ARMCX4-3
GH0XJ101383 Promoter/Enhancer 1.7 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 9.3 +22.7 22732 3.8 MYC NCOR1 IKZF1 POLR2A SMAD5 TRIM22 MBD2 MNT NBN IRF4 BTK lnc-ARMCX4-3 lnc-BTK-1 ARMCX4 ARL13A GLA BEX5 ARMCX3 TIMM8A
GH0XJ101414 Promoter/Enhancer 1 Ensembl ENCODE 14.2 -7.7 -7667 1.8 ZNF207 ZNF654 REST CTCF TRIM22 RAD21 SMC3 ZNF664 ATF2 JUNB lnc-ARMCX4-2 GLA ARMCX4 HNRNPH2 lnc-ARMCX4-3
GH0XJ101376 Enhancer 0.3 Ensembl 10.8 +29.9 29912 2.6 SPI1 RF00017-7970 ARMCX4 BEX5 GLA lnc-BTK-1 BTK RF00017-7969 TIMM8A
GH0XJ101390 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas 0.4 +16.1 16091 3.4 BCLAF1 ZNF207 NCOR1 MYC IKZF1 JUND ZNF580 ATF2 POLR2A NFIC RPL36A BTK RPL36A-HNRNPH2 ARMCX4 ARMCX2 ARL13A ZMAT1 CENPI PPIAP90 BEX5
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around GLA on the GeneHancer Hub at the UCSC Golden Path

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for GLA

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the GLA gene promoter:
  • C/EBPbeta
  • CREB
  • deltaCREB
  • GATA-2
  • HOXA9
  • HOXA9B
  • IRF-2
  • Meis-1
  • p53
  • STAT3

Genomic Locations for GLA Gene

Latest Assembly
14,740 bases
Minus strand

Previous Assembly
(GRCh37/hg19 by Entrez Gene)
10,123 bases
Minus strand

(GRCh37/hg19 by Ensembl)
10,123 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for GLA Gene

Genes around GLA on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GLA Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GLA Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GLA Gene

Proteins for GLA Gene

  • Protein details for GLA Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Alpha-galactosidase A
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q6LER7

    Protein attributes for GLA Gene

    429 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    48767 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GLA Gene

neXtProt entry for GLA Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for GLA Gene


Post-translational modifications for GLA Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn139, Asn192, and Asn215
  • Ubiquitination at Lys240, Lys326, and Lys393
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Glycosylation from GlyConnect

Domains & Families for GLA Gene

Gene Families for GLA Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Enzymes
  • Potential drug targets
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for GLA Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GLA Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Melibiase (AGAL_HUMAN)
  • cDNA FLJ76285, highly similar to Homo sapiens galactosidase, alpha (GLA), mRNA (Q53Y83_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the glycosyl hydrolase 27 family.
  • Belongs to the glycosyl hydrolase 27 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GLA: view

Function for GLA Gene

Molecular function for GLA Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the hydrolysis of glycosphingolipids and participates to their degradation in the lysosome.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=Hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing alpha-D-galactose residues in alpha-D-galactosides, including galactose oligosaccharides, galactomannans and galactolipids.; EC=; Evidence={ECO:0000269|PubMed:26415523, ECO:0000269|PubMed:27211852};.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=globoside Gb3Cer (d18:1(4E)) + H2O = a beta-D-Gal-(1->4)-beta-D-Glc-(1<->1)-Cer(d18:1(4E)) + D-galactose; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:21112, ChEBI:CHEBI:4139, ChEBI:CHEBI:15377, ChEBI:CHEBI:17950, ChEBI:CHEBI:18313; EC=; Evidence={ECO:0000269|PubMed:10838196, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8804427};.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=globoside Gb3Cer + H2O = beta-D-galactosyl-(1->4)-beta-D-glucosyl-(1<->1)-ceramide + D-galactose; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:48020, ChEBI:CHEBI:4139, ChEBI:CHEBI:15377, ChEBI:CHEBI:79208, ChEBI:CHEBI:88154; Evidence={ECO:0000269|PubMed:10838196, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8804427};.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Galactosylgalactosylglucosylceramidase activity is stimulated by saposin B and ammonium chloride.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GLA Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GLA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003824 catalytic activity IEA,IDA 39940
GO:0004553 hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds IEA --
GO:0004557 alpha-galactosidase activity IEA,IMP 16372133
GO:0005102 signaling receptor binding IDA 1332979
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 1332979
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GLA: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GLA: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for GLA Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for GLA Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GLA:
  • Gla Gla<tm1Kul>

Animal Models for research

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for GLA

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for GLA

No data available for Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GLA Gene

Localization for GLA Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GLA Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GLA gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
lysosome 5
golgi apparatus 4
plasma membrane 2
cytoskeleton 2
mitochondrion 2
nucleus 2
endoplasmic reticulum 2
endosome 2
cytosol 2
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GLA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IBA,IMP 1332979
GO:0005764 lysosome IEA,TAS 3029062
GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus IMP 1332979
GO:0035578 azurophil granule lumen TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GLA: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for GLA Gene

Pathways & Interactions for GLA Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GLA: view

Pathways by source for GLA Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GLA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005975 carbohydrate metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006687 glycosphingolipid metabolic process TAS --
GO:0008152 metabolic process IEA --
GO:0009311 oligosaccharide metabolic process IDA 39940
GO:0016139 glycoside catabolic process IBA 21873635
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GLA: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GLA Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GLA Gene

(59) Drugs for GLA Gene - From: DrugBank, PharmGKB, ClinicalTrials, DGIdb, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Migalastat Approved, Investigational Pharma Target, modulator 0
Sucrose Approved, Experimental, Investigational Pharma 0
Aluminum hydroxide Approved, Investigational Pharma 267
D-glucose Approved, Experimental, Investigational, Vet_approved Pharma 0
Glycerol Approved, Investigational Pharma 207

(73) Additional Compounds for GLA Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • 6-O-alpha-D-Galactopyranosyl-D-glucose
  • 6-O-alpha-D-Galactopyranosyl-alpha-D-glucopyranose
  • 6-O-α-D-Galactopyranosyl-D-glucose
  • 6-O-α-D-Galactopyranosyl-α-D-glucopyranose
  • D-(+)-Melibiose
  • 6g-alpha-D-Galactosylsucrose
  • alpha-D-Galactopyranosyl-(1->6)-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl beta-D-fructofuranoside
  • alpha-D-Galp-(1->6)-alpha-D-GLCP-(12)-beta-D-fruf
  • Gossypose
  • Melitose
  • alpha-D-Galp-(1->6)-alpha-D-Galp-(1->6)-alpha-D-Glcp-(12)-beta-D-Fruf
  • O-alpha-D-Galactopyranosyl-(1->6)O-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl-(1->6)O-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl-beta-D-fructofuranoside
  • a-D-Galp-(1->6)-a-D-Galp-(1->6)-a-D-Glcp-(12)-b-D-Fruf
  • α-D-Galp-(1->6)-α-D-Galp-(1->6)-α-D-Glcp-(12)-β-D-Fruf
  • O-a-D-Galactopyranosyl-(1->6)O-a-D-galactopyranosyl-(1->6)O-a-D-galactopyranosyl-b-D-fructofuranoside
  • 1,2-Di-(9Z,12Z,15Z-octadecatrienoyl)-3-(galactosyl-a-1-6-galactosyl-b-1)-glycerol
  • 1,2-Di-(9Z,12Z,15Z-octadecatrienoyl)-3-(galactosyl-α-1-6-galactosyl-β-1)-glycerol
  • 1,2 Di-(9Z,12Z,15Z-octadecatrienoyl)-3-( gal alpha 1-6gal beta 1)-sn-glycerol
  • 1,2 Di-(9Z,12Z,15Z-octadecatrienoyl)-3-(gal alpha 1-6gal beta 1)-sn-glycerol
  • 1,2 Di-(9Z,12Z,15Z-octadecatrienoyl)-3-(gala1-6galb1)-sn-glycerol
  • 1,2-Dioctadecanoyl-3-(GLCB1-6GLCB1)-sn-glycerol
  • DGDG
  • Digalactosyl diacyl glycerol
  • [(2S)-1-Octadecanoyloxy-3-[(2R,3S,4S,5R,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-[[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxymethyl]oxan-2-yl]oxypropan-2-yl] octadecanoate
  • [(2S)-1-Octadecanoyloxy-3-[(2R,3S,4S,5R,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-[[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxymethyl]oxan-2-yl]oxypropan-2-yl] octadecanoic acid
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GLA: view

Transcripts for GLA Gene

mRNA/cDNA for GLA Gene

9 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
16 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for GLA

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GLA Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b · 3c · 3d ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b · 6c · 6d ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b
SP1: - - - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - - - -
SP5: - - - -

Relevant External Links for GLA Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for

Expression for GLA Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for GLA Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GLA Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x6.1).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GLA Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Urine (10.9), Seminal vesicle (10.4), Fetal gut (7.6), and Adrenal (6.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for GLA Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for GLA Gene

Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for GLA

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GLA Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for GLA Gene

  • Lung(4.7)
  • Blood(4.5)
  • Liver(4.4)
  • Nervous system(3)
  • Kidney(2.9)
  • Heart(2.7)
  • Muscle(2.4)
  • Skin(2.4)
  • Bone marrow(2.4)
  • Eye(2.3)
  • Spleen(2.2)
  • Intestine(2.1)
  • Urine(2.1)
  • Lymph node(2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for GLA Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • endocrine
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • lymphatic
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
  • urinary
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cranial nerve
  • ear
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • head
  • jaw
  • lip
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • mouth
  • skull
  • aorta
  • esophagus
  • heart
  • heart valve
  • lung
  • intestine
  • kidney
  • large intestine
  • liver
  • pancreas
  • small intestine
  • stomach
  • fallopian tube
  • ovary
  • penis
  • prostate
  • rectum
  • testicle
  • ureter
  • urinary bladder
  • uterus
  • vagina
  • vas deferens
  • vulva
  • ankle
  • digit
  • elbow
  • finger
  • foot
  • hand
  • hip
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • nail
  • shoulder
  • toe
  • upper limb
  • wrist
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • coagulation system
  • hair
  • lymph node
  • lymph vessel
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • red blood cell
  • skin
  • sweat gland
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GLA: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GLA Gene

Orthologs for GLA Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for GLA Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GLA 29 30
  • 99.53 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GLA 29 30
  • 88.32 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GLA 29 30
  • 87.01 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gla 29
  • 83.33 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gla 29 16 30
  • 82.3 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GLA 30
  • 74 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 30
  • 71 (a)
-- 30
  • 65 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GLA 29 30
  • 68.31 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GLA 30
  • 66 (a)
Tropical Clawed Frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gla 29
  • 65.22 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gla 29 30
  • 64.02 (n)
Fruit Fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG7997 29 30 31
  • 54.3 (n)
CG5731 30 31
  • 46 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP005846 29
  • 52.06 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea R07B7.11 31
  • 43 (a)
gana-1 30
  • 39 (a)
Thale Cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AGAL2 29
  • 50.99 (n)
(Glycine max)
eudicotyledons Gma.5910 29
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os10g0493600 29
  • 50.11 (n)
Os.17491 29
Fission Yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes mel1 29
  • 49.79 (n)
Sea Squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 30
  • 34 (a)
Species where no ortholog for GLA was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Eremothecium gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • Alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • Amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • Baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • Barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • Beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • Common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • Corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • Filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute Bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • Green Algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. Lactis Yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • Loblloly Pine (Pinus taeda)
  • Malaria Parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • Medicago Trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • Moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • Pig (Sus scrofa)
  • Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • Rice Blast Fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • Schistosome Parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • Sea Anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • Sea Vase (Ciona intestinalis)
  • Sea Urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • Stem Rust Fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • Wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GLA Gene

Gene Tree for GLA (if available)
Gene Tree for GLA (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for GLA: view image
Alliance of Genome Resources:
Additional Orthologs for GLA

Paralogs for GLA Gene

Paralogs for GLA Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for GLA Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

  • Q53Y83_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GLA: view

Variants for GLA Gene

Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP for GLA Gene

SNP ID Clinical significance and condition Chr 0X pos Variation AA Info Type
1000370 Uncertain Significance: Fabry disease 101,398,025(-) C/A
NM_000169.3(GLA):c.1074G>T (p.Glu358Asp)
1000882 Uncertain Significance: Fabry disease 101,401,799(-) T/G
NM_000169.3(GLA):c.380A>C (p.Lys127Thr)
1002553 Uncertain Significance: Fabry disease 101,397,984(-) A/G
NM_000169.3(GLA):c.1115T>C (p.Leu372Pro)
1008470 Uncertain Significance: Fabry disease 101,401,689(-) C/T
NM_000169.3(GLA):c.490G>A (p.Val164Ile)
1008960 Uncertain Significance: Fabry disease 101,403,915(-) G/C
NM_000169.3(GLA):c.265C>G (p.Leu89Val)

dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for variants without ClinVar clinical significance for GLA Gene

All consequence types are included: molecular consequences (e.g. missense, synonymous), and location-based (e.g. intron, upstream).

Variation tolerance for GLA Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 83.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.63; 56.60% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for GLA Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
Leiden Open Variation Database (LOVD)

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assays for research

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GLA Gene

Disorders for GLA Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(48) MalaCards diseases for GLA Gene - From: OMI, CVR, GTR, ORP, SWI, COP, and GCD

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
fabry disease
  • angiokeratoma corporis diffusum
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
atrial standstill 1
  • atrst1
cardiomyopathy, familial hypertrophic, 1
  • cmh1
  • angiokeratoma of skin
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search GLA in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Fabry disease (FD) [MIM:301500]: Rare X-linked sphingolipidosis disease where glycolipid accumulates in many tissues. The disease consists of an inborn error of glycosphingolipid catabolism. FD patients show systemic accumulation of globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) and related glycosphingolipids in the plasma and cellular lysosomes throughout the body. Clinical recognition in males results from characteristic skin lesions (angiokeratomas) over the lower trunk. Patients may show ocular deposits, febrile episodes, and burning pain in the extremities. Death results from renal failure, cardiac or cerebral complications of hypertension or other vascular disease. Heterozygous females may exhibit the disorder in an attenuated form, they are more likely to show corneal opacities. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10090526, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10208848, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10666480, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10838196, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10916280, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11076046, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11295840, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11668641, ECO:0000269 PubMed:11889412, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12694230, ECO:0000269 PubMed:12786754, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1315715, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15162124, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15712228, ECO:0000269 PubMed:16533976, ECO:0000269 PubMed:1846223, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19621417, ECO:0000269 PubMed:2152885, ECO:0000269 PubMed:2171331, ECO:0000269 PubMed:2539398, ECO:0000269 PubMed:26415523, ECO:0000269 PubMed:27142856, ECO:0000269 PubMed:27211852, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7504405, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7531540, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7575533, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7596372, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7599642, ECO:0000269 PubMed:7759078, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8069316, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8395937, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8738659, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8807334, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8834244, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8863162, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8875188, ECO:0000269 PubMed:8931708, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9100224, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9105656, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9452068, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9452090, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9452111, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9554750}. Note=The disease is caused by variants affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Genatlas disease for GLA Gene

diffuse angiokeratoderma,Fabry disease,typical and atypical

Additional Disease Information for GLA

Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
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Open Targets Platform
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Publications for GLA Gene

  1. Newborn screening for Fabry disease in Taiwan reveals a high incidence of the later-onset GLA mutation c.936+919G>A (IVS4+919G>A). (PMID: 19621417) Hwu WL … Hsu LW (Human mutation 2009) 3 4 22 40
  2. Mutations of the GLA gene in young patients with stroke: the PORTYSTROKE study--screening genetic conditions in Portuguese young stroke patients. (PMID: 20110537) Baptista MV … PORTuguese Young STROKE Investigators (Stroke 2010) 3 22 40
  3. Two-tier approach for the detection of alpha-galactosidase A deficiency in a predominantly female haemodialysis population. (PMID: 17804462) Terryn W … De Schoenmakere G (Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 2008) 3 22 40
  4. Single-gene mutations and increased left ventricular wall thickness in the community: the Framingham Heart Study. (PMID: 16754800) Morita H … Benjamin EJ (Circulation 2006) 3 22 40
  5. Detection of alpha-galactosidase a mutations causing Fabry disease by denaturing high performance liquid chromatography. (PMID: 15712228) Shabbeer J … Desnick RJ (Human mutation 2005) 3 4 22

Products for GLA Gene

Sources for GLA Gene