Aliases for GJC2 Gene
External Ids for GJC2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for GJC2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GJC2 Gene
This gene encodes a gap junction protein. Gap junction proteins are members of a large family of homologous connexins and comprise 4 transmembrane, 2 extracellular, and 3 cytoplasmic domains. This gene plays a key role in central myelination and is involved in peripheral myelination in humans. Defects in this gene are the cause of autosomal recessive Pelizaeus-Merzbacher-like disease-1. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for GJC2 Gene
GJC2 (Gap Junction Protein Gamma 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GJC2 include Leukodystrophy, Hypomyelinating, 2 and Spastic Paraplegia 44, Autosomal Recessive. Among its related pathways are Myometrial Relaxation and Contraction Pathways and Gap junction trafficking. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include gap junction channel activity. An important paralog of this gene is GJC1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for GJC2 Gene
One gap junction consists of a cluster of closely packed pairs of transmembrane channels, the connexons, through which materials of low MW diffuse from one cell to a neighboring cell. May play a role in myelination in central and peripheral nervous systems.
Gap channels (gap junctions) are specialized cell-cell contacts that provide direct intracellular communication. They allow passive diffusion of molecules up to 1 kDa, including nutrients, metabolites (glucose), ions (K+, Ca2+) and second messengers (IP3, cAMP).