This gene encodes the first and rate-limiting enzyme of the hexosamine pathway and controls the flux of glucose into the hexosamine pathway. The product of this gene catalyzes the formation of glucosamine 6-phosphate. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2008] See more...

Aliases for GFPT1 Gene

Aliases for GFPT1 Gene

  • Glutamine--Fructose-6-Phosphate Transaminase 1 2 3 5
  • GFAT1 2 3 4
  • GFAT 2 3 4
  • Glutamine--Fructose-6-Phosphate Aminotransferase [Isomerizing] 1 3 4
  • Glutamine:Fructose-6-Phosphate Amidotransferase 1 3 4
  • D-Fructose-6-Phosphate Amidotransferase 1 3 4
  • Hexosephosphate Aminotransferase 1 3 4
  • EC 4 50
  • GFAT 1 3 4
  • GFPT 3 4
  • GFA 2 3
  • Glucosamine--Fructose-6-Phosphate Aminotransferase [Isomerizing] 1 3
  • Glutamine-Fructose-6-Phosphate Transaminase 1 2
  • CMSTA1 3
  • GFAT1m 3
  • GFPT1L 3
  • CMS12 3
  • GFPT1 5
  • MSLG 3

External Ids for GFPT1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for GFPT1 Gene

  • GFPT

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GFPT1 Gene

  • GC02P069621
  • GC02P069787
  • GC02M069510
  • GC02M069526
  • GC02M069464
  • GC02M069546

Summaries for GFPT1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GFPT1 Gene

  • This gene encodes the first and rate-limiting enzyme of the hexosamine pathway and controls the flux of glucose into the hexosamine pathway. The product of this gene catalyzes the formation of glucosamine 6-phosphate. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2008]

GeneCards Summary for GFPT1 Gene

GFPT1 (Glutamine--Fructose-6-Phosphate Transaminase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GFPT1 include Myasthenic Syndrome, Congenital, 12 and Congenital Myasthenic Syndromes With Glycosylation Defect. Among its related pathways are Insulin resistance and Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include carbohydrate binding and glutamine-fructose-6-phosphate transaminase (isomerizing) activity. An important paralog of this gene is GFPT2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for GFPT1 Gene

  • Controls the flux of glucose into the hexosamine pathway. Most likely involved in regulating the availability of precursors for N- and O-linked glycosylation of proteins. Regulates the circadian expression of clock genes ARNTL/BMAL1 and CRY1.

Gene Wiki entry for GFPT1 Gene

No data available for CIViC Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for GFPT1 Gene

Genomics for GFPT1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements Pubs

Promoters and enhancers for GFPT1 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH02J069384 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas 260.4 +0.8 806 4.1 SP1 ZNF207 MYC NCOR1 IKZF1 SSRP1 ZNF592 POLR2A CEBPA BRCA1 GFPT1 HSALNG0015735 lnc-ANTXR1-1 lnc-NFU1-2 TIA1 PCBP1-AS1 GMCL1 ANXA4 ANTXR1 NFU1
GH02J069400 Promoter 0.3 EPDnew 250.4 -13.3 -13282 0.1 GFPT1 lnc-ANTXR1-1 NFU1 HSALNG0015737 lnc-NFU1-1
GH02J069435 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas dbSUPER 19.3 -50.0 -50011 3.1 SP1 ZNF207 ZNF600 MYC ZMYM3 POLR2A CEBPA NFIC YY1 CTCF HSALNG0015737 NFU1 lnc-NFU1-1 GFPT1 AAK1
GH02J069641 Promoter/Enhancer 2.4 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas dbSUPER 14.6 -256.4 -256417 7.3 ZNF207 MYC NCOR1 SIX5 SSRP1 JUND ZNF592 POLR2A CEBPA ATF3 AAK1 ANXA4 lnc-ANXA4-1 TIA1 GFPT1 MXD1 SNRNP27 lnc-AAK1-5 LOC112268437
GH02J069305 Promoter/Enhancer 1.7 FANTOM5 ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas dbSUPER 19.7 +78.6 78601 5.8 MYC ZNF654 SSRP1 NFIC ZIC2 CHD4 ZBTB10 CTCF REST KLF11 GFPT1 ANTXR1 TIA1 PCBP1-AS1 GMCL1 RNA5SP96 RNU6-1216P GKN2 HSALNG0015728 HSALNG0015734
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around GFPT1 on the GeneHancer Hub at the UCSC Golden Path

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for GFPT1

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the GFPT1 gene promoter:
  • AhR
  • Arnt
  • Egr-2
  • Egr-4
  • PPAR-alpha
  • SREBP-1a
  • SREBP-1b
  • SREBP-1c
  • SRF (504 AA)
  • YY1

Genomic Locations for GFPT1 Gene

Latest Assembly
67,471 bases
Minus strand

Previous Assembly
(GRCh37/hg19 by Entrez Gene)
67,448 bases
Minus strand

(GRCh37/hg19 by Ensembl)
67,478 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for GFPT1 Gene

Genes around GFPT1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GFPT1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GFPT1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GFPT1 Gene

Proteins for GFPT1 Gene

  • Protein details for GFPT1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Glutamine--fructose-6-phosphate aminotransferase [isomerizing] 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q53QE6
    • Q9BXF8

    Protein attributes for GFPT1 Gene

    699 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    78806 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotetramer (Probable), may also exist as homodimers.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GFPT1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for GFPT1 Gene


neXtProt entry for GFPT1 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for GFPT1 Gene


Post-translational modifications for GFPT1 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys25 and Lys48
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Domains & Families for GFPT1 Gene

Gene Families for GFPT1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Enzymes
  • Potential drug targets
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted membrane proteins

Protein Domains for GFPT1 Gene

  • Glutamine amidotransferase, class-II
  • Sugar isomerase (SIS)

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GFPT1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Hexosephosphate aminotransferase 1 (GFPT1_HUMAN)
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GFPT1: view

No data available for Graphical View of Domain Structure and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GFPT1 Gene

Function for GFPT1 Gene

Molecular function for GFPT1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Controls the flux of glucose into the hexosamine pathway. Most likely involved in regulating the availability of precursors for N- and O-linked glycosylation of proteins. Regulates the circadian expression of clock genes ARNTL/BMAL1 and CRY1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Reaction=D-fructose 6-phosphate + L-glutamine = D-glucosamine 6-phosphate + L-glutamate; Xref=Rhea:RHEA:13237, ChEBI:CHEBI:29985, ChEBI:CHEBI:58359, ChEBI:CHEBI:58725, ChEBI:CHEBI:61527; EC=; Evidence={ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:P82808};.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase 1,mainly expressed in placenta,pancreas and testis,putatively involved in insulin resistance of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GFPT1 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for GFPT1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GFPT1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004360 glutamine-fructose-6-phosphate transaminase (isomerizing) activity IEA,IBA 21873635
GO:0008483 transaminase activity IEA --
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
GO:0097367 carbohydrate derivative binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GFPT1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GFPT1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for GFPT1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for GFPT1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GFPT1:
  • Gfpt1 Gfpt1<tm1b(EUCOMM)Wtsi>

Animal Models for research

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for GFPT1

miRNA for GFPT1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GFPT1

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for GFPT1

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GFPT1 Gene

Localization for GFPT1 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GFPT1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 4
cytosol 4
nucleus 3
plasma membrane 2
cytoskeleton 2
mitochondrion 2
endoplasmic reticulum 2
peroxisome 1
endosome 1
lysosome 1
golgi apparatus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Nucleoli (2)
  • Nucleoli fibrillar center (2)
  • Nucleoplasm (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GFPT1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome HDA 20458337
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GFPT1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GFPT1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for GFPT1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GFPT1: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q06210-GFPT1_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Nucleotide-sugar biosynthesis; UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine biosynthesis; alpha-D-glucosamine 6-phosphate from D-fructose 6-phosphate: step 1/1.

SIGNOR curated interactions for GFPT1 Gene

Is activated by:
Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GFPT1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006002 fructose 6-phosphate metabolic process TAS,IBA 21873635
GO:0006047 UDP-N-acetylglucosamine metabolic process IBA 21873635
GO:0006048 UDP-N-acetylglucosamine biosynthetic process IEA,TAS --
GO:0006112 energy reserve metabolic process TAS 1460020
GO:0006487 protein N-linked glycosylation IBA 21873635
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GFPT1: view

Drugs & Compounds for GFPT1 Gene

(11) Drugs for GFPT1 Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Famotidine Approved Pharma Histamine H2-receptor antagonist 99
Glutamic acid Approved Nutra 324
L-Glutamine Approved, Investigational Nutra 0
Fructose 6-phosphate Experimental Pharma 0
glucosamine 6-phosphate Experimental Pharma 0

(8) Additional Compounds for GFPT1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GFPT1: view

Transcripts for GFPT1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for GFPT1 Gene

10 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
5 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for GFPT1

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GFPT1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for GFPT1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for

Expression for GFPT1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for GFPT1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GFPT1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Salivary gland (9.8).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for GFPT1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for GFPT1 Gene

- Elite partner

Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for GFPT1

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GFPT1 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for GFPT1 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Isoform 1 is predominantly expressed in skeletal muscle. Not expressed in brain. Seems to be selectively expressed in striated muscle.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for GFPT1 Gene

  • Liver(4.6)
  • Nervous system(4)
  • Intestine(3.7)
  • Heart(2.9)
  • Kidney(2.8)
  • Pancreas(2.8)
  • Muscle(2.8)
  • Lung(2.7)
  • Spleen(2.7)
  • Blood(2.6)
  • Thyroid gland(2.3)
  • Eye(2.2)
  • Stomach(2.2)
  • Lymph node(2.1)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for GFPT1 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
  • urinary
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cranial nerve
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • head
  • neck
  • lung
  • rib
  • rib cage
  • kidney
  • pelvis
  • ankle
  • digit
  • elbow
  • finger
  • foot
  • hand
  • hip
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • shoulder
  • toe
  • upper limb
  • wrist
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • skin
  • spinal column
  • spinal cord
  • vertebrae
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GFPT1: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for GFPT1 Gene

Orthologs for GFPT1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for GFPT1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GFPT1 29 30
  • 99.71 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GFPT1 30
  • 97 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GFPT1 30
  • 94 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GFPT1 29 30
  • 92.95 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GFPT1 29 30
  • 91.77 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gfpt1 29 16 30
  • 90.6 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gfpt1 29
  • 89.82 (n)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GFPT1 29 30
  • 81.26 (n)
Tropical Clawed Frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gfpt1 29
  • 77.19 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia gfpt1-prov 29
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii CU929036.1 30
  • 84 (a)
gfpt1 29 30
  • 74.54 (n)
Fruit Fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Gfat2 30 31
  • 66 (a)
Gfat1 30 31
  • 63 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea F22B3.4 30 31
  • 58 (a)
F07A11.2 30
  • 57 (a)
F07A11.2b 31
  • 57 (a)
F07A11.2a 31
  • 56 (a)
Baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes GFA1 30
  • 54 (a)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os.18609 29
Sea Squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 30
  • 65 (a)
Sea Vase
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.2377 29
Species where no ortholog for GFPT1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Eremothecium gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • Alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • Amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • Barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • Beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • Common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • Corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • Filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute Bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • Fission Yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • Green Algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. Lactis Yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • Lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • Loblloly Pine (Pinus taeda)
  • Malaria Parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • Medicago Trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • Moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • Pig (Sus scrofa)
  • Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • Rice Blast Fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • Schistosome Parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • Sea Anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • Sea Urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • Soybean (Glycine max)
  • Stem Rust Fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • Thale Cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • Wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GFPT1 Gene

Gene Tree for GFPT1 (if available)
Gene Tree for GFPT1 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for GFPT1: view image
Alliance of Genome Resources:
Additional Orthologs for GFPT1

Paralogs for GFPT1 Gene

Paralogs for GFPT1 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for GFPT1 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GFPT1: view

Variants for GFPT1 Gene

Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP for GFPT1 Gene

SNP ID Clinical significance and condition Chr 02 pos Variation AA Info Type
1007914 Uncertain Significance: Congenital myasthenic syndrome 12 69,337,968(-) G/A
NM_001244710.2(GFPT1):c.1412C>T (p.Ser471Phe)
1023199 Uncertain Significance: Congenital myasthenic syndrome 12 69,327,033(-) T/C
NM_001244710.2(GFPT1):c.1936A>G (p.Ile646Val)
1025055 Uncertain Significance: Congenital myasthenic syndrome 12 69,329,412(-) T/G
NM_001244710.2(GFPT1):c.1610A>C (p.Glu537Ala)
1032796 Uncertain Significance: Congenital myasthenic syndrome 12 69,348,278(-) G/C
NM_001244710.2(GFPT1):c.902C>G (p.Ala301Gly)
1035357 Uncertain Significance: Congenital myasthenic syndrome 12 69,329,762(-) C/A
NM_001244710.2(GFPT1):c.1519G>T (p.Ala507Ser)

dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for variants without ClinVar clinical significance for GFPT1 Gene

All consequence types are included: molecular consequences (e.g. missense, synonymous), and location-based (e.g. intron, upstream).

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GFPT1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2720174 CNV deletion 23290073
esv33940 CNV loss 17666407
esv3591182 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1116383 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv834252 CNV loss 17160897
nsv979015 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for GFPT1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 14.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.91; 18.97% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for GFPT1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
Leiden Open Variation Database (LOVD)

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assays for research

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GFPT1 Gene

Disorders for GFPT1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(12) MalaCards diseases for GFPT1 Gene - From: OMI, CVR, GTR, ORP, SWI, COP, and GCD


  • Myasthenic syndrome, congenital, 12 (CMS12) [MIM:610542]: A form of congenital myasthenic syndrome, a group of disorders characterized by failure of neuromuscular transmission, including pre-synaptic, synaptic, and post-synaptic disorders that are not of autoimmune origin. Clinical features are easy fatigability and muscle weakness. CMS12 is characterized by onset of proximal muscle weakness in the first decade. Individuals with this condition have a recognizable pattern of weakness of shoulder and pelvic girdle muscles, and sparing of ocular or facial muscles. EMG classically shows a decremental response to repeated nerve stimulation, a sign of neuromuscular junction dysfunction. Affected individuals show a favorable response to acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:21310273}. Note=The disease is caused by variants affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for GFPT1

Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
Open Targets Platform
Open Targets Platform
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GFPT1: view

No data available for Genatlas for GFPT1 Gene

Publications for GFPT1 Gene

  1. Molecular cloning, cDNA sequence, and bacterial expression of human glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase. (PMID: 1460020) McKnight GL … O'Hara PJ (The Journal of biological chemistry 1992) 2 3 4 22
  2. Hexosamine biosynthetic pathway mutations cause neuromuscular transmission defect. (PMID: 21310273) Senderek J … Lochmüller H (American journal of human genetics 2011) 3 4 72
  3. Structural analysis of human glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase, a key regulator in type 2 diabetes. (PMID: 19059404) Nakaishi Y … Komatsu M (FEBS letters 2009) 3 4 22
  4. Effect of +36T>C in intron 1 on the glutamine: fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase 1 gene and its contribution to type 2 diabetes in different populations. (PMID: 17024311) Kunika K … Itakura M (Journal of human genetics 2006) 3 22 40
  5. The -913 G/A glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate aminotransferase gene polymorphism is associated with measures of obesity and intramyocellular lipid content in nondiabetic subjects. (PMID: 15613432) Weigert C … Schleicher ED (The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism 2005) 3 22 40

Products for GFPT1 Gene

Sources for GFPT1 Gene