Aliases for GEMIN5 Gene
External Ids for GEMIN5 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GEMIN5 Gene
This gene encodes a WD repeat protein that is a component of the survival of motor neurons (SMN) complex. The SMN complex plays a critical role in mRNA splicing through the assembly of spliceosomal small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs), and may also mediate the assembly and transport of other classes of ribonucleoproteins. The encoded protein is the snRNA-binding component of the SMN complex. Dysregulation of this gene may play a role in alternative mRNA splicing and tumor cell motility. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]
GeneCards Summary for GEMIN5 Gene
GEMIN5 (Gem Nuclear Organelle Associated Protein 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GEMIN5 include Spinal Muscular Atrophy and Patent Foramen Ovale. Among its related pathways are RNA transport and Gene Expression. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include snRNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is WDR59.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for GEMIN5 Gene
Required for the assembly of the SMN complex that plays a catalyst role in the assembly of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs), the building blocks of the spliceosome (PubMed:16857593, PubMed:18984161, PubMed:20513430). Thereby, plays an important role in the splicing of cellular pre-mRNAs. Most spliceosomal snRNPs contain a common set of Sm proteins SNRPB, SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPD3, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG that assemble in a heptameric protein ring on the Sm site of the small nuclear RNA to form the core snRNP. In the cytosol, the Sm proteins SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG are trapped in an inactive 6S pICln-Sm complex by the chaperone CLNS1A that controls the assembly of the core snRNP (PubMed:18984161). Dissociation by the SMN complex of CLNS1A from the trapped Sm proteins and their transfer to an SMN-Sm complex triggers the assembly of core snRNPs and their transport to the nucleus (PubMed:18984161). GEMIN5 acts as the snRNA-binding protein of the SMN complex (PubMed:11714716, PubMed:16857593, PubMed:19377484, PubMed:19750007, PubMed:20513430, PubMed:27834343, PubMed:27881600, PubMed:27881601). Binds to the 7-methylguanosine cap of RNA molecules (PubMed:19750007, PubMed:27834343, PubMed:27881600, PubMed:27881601, Ref.25). Binds to the 3'-UTR of SMN1 mRNA and regulates its translation; does not affect mRNA stability (PubMed:25911097). May play a role in the regulation of protein synthesis via its interaction with ribosomes (PubMed:27507887).