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Aliases for GEMIN2 Gene

Aliases for GEMIN2 Gene

  • Gem Nuclear Organelle Associated Protein 2 2 3 5
  • Survival Of Motor Neuron Protein Interacting Protein 1 2 3
  • Component Of Gems 2 3 4
  • Gemin-2 3 4
  • SIP1 3 4
  • Survival Of Motor Neuron Protein-Interacting Protein 1 4
  • Gem (Nuclear Organelle) Associated Protein 2 2
  • SMN Interacting Protein 1-Delta 3
  • SMN-Interacting Protein 1 4
  • Gem-Associated Protein 2 3
  • SIP1-Delta 3

External Ids for GEMIN2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for GEMIN2 Gene

  • SIP1

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GEMIN2 Gene

  • GC14P039584

Summaries for GEMIN2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GEMIN2 Gene

  • This gene encodes one of the proteins found in the SMN complex, which consists of several gemin proteins and the protein known as the survival of motor neuron protein. The SMN complex is localized to a subnuclear compartment called gems (gemini of coiled bodies) and is required for assembly of spliceosomal snRNPs and for pre-mRNA splicing. This protein interacts directly with the survival of motor neuron protein and it is required for formation of the SMN complex. A knockout mouse targeting the mouse homolog of this gene exhibited disrupted snRNP assembly and motor neuron degeneration. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]

GeneCards Summary for GEMIN2 Gene

GEMIN2 (Gem Nuclear Organelle Associated Protein 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GEMIN2 include Spinal Muscular Atrophy. Among its related pathways are Gene Expression and RNA transport.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GEMIN2 Gene

  • The SMN complex plays a catalyst role in the assembly of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs), the building blocks of the spliceosome. Thereby, plays an important role in the splicing of cellular pre-mRNAs. Most spliceosomal snRNPs contain a common set of Sm proteins SNRPB, SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPD3, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG that assemble in a heptameric protein ring on the Sm site of the small nuclear RNA to form the core snRNP. In the cytosol, the Sm proteins SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG are trapped in an inactive 6S pICln-Sm complex by the chaperone CLNS1A that controls the assembly of the core snRNP. Dissociation by the SMN complex of CLNS1A from the trapped Sm proteins and their transfer to an SMN-Sm complex triggers the assembly of core snRNPs and their transport to the nucleus.

Gene Wiki entry for GEMIN2 Gene

Additional gene information for GEMIN2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GEMIN2 Gene

Genomics for GEMIN2 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for GEMIN2 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for GEMIN2 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH14I039113 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 550.8 +0.2 153 2 HDGF FOXA2 MLX ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 POLR2B LOC105370459 GEMIN2 PNN CTAGE5 SEC23A TRAPPC6B
GH14I039173 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 11.1 +61.2 61221 3.3 PKNOX1 CLOCK SMAD1 MLX ARNT ZFP64 ARID4B NEUROD1 SIN3A DMAP1 PNN ENSG00000259083 RPL7AP2 GEMIN2 SEC23A FBXO33 CTAGE5 TRAPPC6B GC14P039155
GH14I039145 Enhancer 0.9 ENCODE 12.3 +31.3 31331 1 PKNOX1 SMAD1 ATF1 FOXA2 ARNT ARID4B ETS1 NCOA2 SLC30A9 TCF12 SEC23A GEMIN2 CTAGE5 TRAPPC6B GC14P039155 LOC105370459
GH14I039376 Enhancer 0.8 Ensembl ENCODE 10.6 +262.9 262932 1.9 SMARCE1 HDAC1 MAFG PLRG1 SP1 JUND GATA3 MTA1 HDAC2 NFE2 CTAGE5 FBXO33 MIA2 GEMIN2 SEC23A COILP1 ENSG00000271424
GH14I039060 Enhancer 0.6 ENCODE 11.3 -53.3 -53291 0.2 SRF BMI1 DPF2 ATF2 ZNF24 MLLT1 IKZF2 RUNX3 SPI1 SEC23A GEMIN2 ENSG00000259121 GC14P039030 GC14M038906
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around GEMIN2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Locations for GEMIN2 Gene

Genomic Locations for GEMIN2 Gene
chr14:39,114,223-39,136,973
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
22,751 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand
chr14:39,583,427-39,606,177
(GRCh37/hg19)

Genomic View for GEMIN2 Gene

Genes around GEMIN2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GEMIN2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GEMIN2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GEMIN2 Gene

Proteins for GEMIN2 Gene

  • Protein details for GEMIN2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O14893-GEMI2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Gem-associated protein 2
    Protein Accession:
    O14893
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R9W8
    • Q2M3B3
    • Q9H4F5
    • Q9NS77
    • Q9NS78
    • Q9NS79

    Protein attributes for GEMIN2 Gene

    Size:
    280 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    31585 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Part of the core SMN complex that contains SMN1, GEMIN2/SIP1, DDX20/GEMIN3, GEMIN4, GEMIN5, GEMIN6, GEMIN7, GEMIN8 and STRAP/UNRIP. Part of the SMN-Sm complex that contains SMN1, GEMIN2/SIP1, DDX20/GEMIN3, GEMIN4, GEMIN5, GEMIN6, GEMIN7, GEMIN8, STRAP/UNRIP and the Sm proteins SNRPB, SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPD3, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG. Interacts directly with GEMIN5.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=CAC16117.2; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GEMIN2 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for GEMIN2 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for GEMIN2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for GEMIN2 Gene

No Post-translational modifications

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GEMIN2 Gene

Domains & Families for GEMIN2 Gene

Gene Families for GEMIN2 Gene

HGNC:
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for GEMIN2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GEMIN2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O14893

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

GEMI2_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the gemin-2 family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the gemin-2 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GEMIN2: view

Function for GEMIN2 Gene

Molecular function for GEMIN2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
The SMN complex plays a catalyst role in the assembly of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs), the building blocks of the spliceosome. Thereby, plays an important role in the splicing of cellular pre-mRNAs. Most spliceosomal snRNPs contain a common set of Sm proteins SNRPB, SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPD3, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG that assemble in a heptameric protein ring on the Sm site of the small nuclear RNA to form the core snRNP. In the cytosol, the Sm proteins SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG are trapped in an inactive 6S pICln-Sm complex by the chaperone CLNS1A that controls the assembly of the core snRNP. Dissociation by the SMN complex of CLNS1A from the trapped Sm proteins and their transfer to an SMN-Sm complex triggers the assembly of core snRNPs and their transport to the nucleus.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for GEMIN2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GEMIN2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 11714716
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GEMIN2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GEMIN2: view

Animal Models for GEMIN2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for GEMIN2:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GEMIN2 Gene

Localization for GEMIN2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GEMIN2 Gene

Nucleus, gem. Cytoplasm. Note=Localized in subnuclear structures next to coiled bodies, called gems, which are highly enriched in spliceosomal snRNPs. Also found in the cytoplasm.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GEMIN2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 5
extracellular 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Nuclear bodies (3)
  • Nucleoli (2)
  • Nucleus (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GEMIN2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA,TAS --
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0005681 spliceosomal complex IEA --
GO:0005730 nucleolus IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GEMIN2: view

Pathways & Interactions for GEMIN2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GEMIN2: view

Pathways by source for GEMIN2 Gene

3 Reactome pathways for GEMIN2 Gene
1 KEGG pathway for GEMIN2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GEMIN2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000245 spliceosomal complex assembly IEA --
GO:0000375 RNA splicing, via transesterification reactions TAS 9323129
GO:0000387 spliceosomal snRNP assembly TAS,IEA --
GO:0006397 mRNA processing TAS 9323130
GO:0008380 RNA splicing TAS 9323129
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GEMIN2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GEMIN2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GEMIN2 Gene

(1) Drugs for GEMIN2 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(1) Additional Compounds for GEMIN2 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GEMIN2: view

Transcripts for GEMIN2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for GEMIN2 Gene

Gem (nuclear organelle) associated protein 2:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GEMIN2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b · 11c
SP1: -
SP2: - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - - -
SP5:

Relevant External Links for GEMIN2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
GEMIN2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
GEMIN2

Expression for GEMIN2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for GEMIN2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GEMIN2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (48.4), Breast (8.6), and Testis (6.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for GEMIN2 Gene



NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GEMIN2 Gene:

GEMIN2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GEMIN2 Gene:

Hs.652307

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for GEMIN2 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.5)
  • Muscle(4.2)
  • Liver(4.1)
  • Heart(3.4)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GEMIN2: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for GEMIN2 Gene

Orthologs for GEMIN2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for GEMIN2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia SIP1 33 34
  • 100 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GEMIN2 33 34
  • 92.57 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GEMIN2 33 34
  • 92.26 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gemin2 33
  • 89.96 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gemin2 33 16 34
  • 89.34 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GEMIN2 34
  • 87 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 83 (a)
OneToMany
-- 34
  • 82 (a)
OneToMany
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GEMIN2 33 34
  • 75.57 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GEMIN2 34
  • 81 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gemin2 33
  • 71.15 (n)
Str.3557 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.3305 33
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gemin2 33 34
  • 68.12 (n)
wufc52a05 33
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.1671 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Gem2 33 34
  • 42.9 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP005413 33
  • 42.76 (n)
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea smi-1 34
  • 25 (a)
OneToOne
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 33 (a)
OneToOne
Species where no ortholog for GEMIN2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for GEMIN2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for GEMIN2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for GEMIN2 (if available)

Paralogs for GEMIN2 Gene

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for GEMIN2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GEMIN2: view

No data available for Paralogs for GEMIN2 Gene

Variants for GEMIN2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GEMIN2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 14 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000078149 -- 39,116,045(+) C/T intron_variant
rs1000161232 -- 39,125,977(+) G/A intron_variant
rs1000220973 -- 39,115,531(+) A/C intron_variant
rs1000260442 -- 39,131,645(+) G/A intron_variant
rs1000299776 -- 39,119,139(+) C/T intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GEMIN2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1038622 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1051247 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1138291 CNV deletion 24896259

Variation tolerance for GEMIN2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 31.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 16.23; 97.62% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for GEMIN2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
GEMIN2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GEMIN2 Gene

Disorders for GEMIN2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for GEMIN2 Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
spinal muscular atrophy
  • sma
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Additional Disease Information for GEMIN2

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with GEMIN2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GEMIN2 Gene

Publications for GEMIN2 Gene

  1. The spinal muscular atrophy disease gene product, SMN, and its associated protein SIP1 are in a complex with spliceosomal snRNP proteins. (PMID: 9323129) Liu Q … Dreyfuss G (Cell 1997) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Increased expression level of the splicing variant of SIP1 in motor neuron diseases. (PMID: 11943600) Aerbajinai W … Tsukahara T (The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology 2002) 3 4 22 58
  3. A cell system with targeted disruption of the SMN gene: functional conservation of the SMN protein and dependence of Gemin2 on SMN. (PMID: 11121410) Wang J … Dreyfuss G (The Journal of biological chemistry 2001) 2 3 22 58
  4. An essential SMN interacting protein (SIP1) is not involved in the phenotypic variability of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). (PMID: 10909848) Helmken C … Wirth B (European journal of human genetics : EJHG 2000) 3 4 22 58
  5. The SMN-SIP1 complex has an essential role in spliceosomal snRNP biogenesis. (PMID: 9323130) Fischer U … Dreyfuss G (Cell 1997) 2 3 22 58

Products for GEMIN2 Gene

Sources for GEMIN2 Gene

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