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Aliases for GDA Gene

Aliases for GDA Gene

  • Guanine Deaminase 2 3 3 5
  • Guanine Aminohydrolase 3 4
  • Guanine Aminase 3 4
  • P51-Nedasin 3 4
  • GAH 3 4
  • Cytoplasmic PSD95 Interactor 3
  • EC 4
  • KIAA1258 4
  • Guanase 4
  • CYPIN 3

External Ids for GDA Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GDA Gene

  • GC09P065808
  • GC09P066620
  • GC09P068299
  • GC09P070221
  • GC09P071993
  • GC09P073954
  • GC09P074764
  • GC09P044586
  • GC09P074729

Summaries for GDA Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for GDA Gene

  • This gene encodes an enzyme responsible for the hydrolytic deamination of guanine. Studies in rat ortholog suggest this gene plays a role in microtubule assembly. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]

GeneCards Summary for GDA Gene

GDA (Guanine Deaminase) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Pyrimidine metabolism (KEGG) and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include hydrolase activity and guanine deaminase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GDA Gene

  • Catalyzes the hydrolytic deamination of guanine, producing xanthine and ammonia.

Additional gene information for GDA Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GDA Gene

Genomics for GDA Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for GDA Gene

Promoters and enhancers for GDA Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH09J072144 Promoter/Enhancer 1.7 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 669.7 +33.9 33946 8.1 ARID4B ZNF48 RAD21 YY1 EGR1 RXRA CEBPB MXD4 REST SMARCB1 GDA LINC01504 GC09M072151
GH09J072114 Promoter 0.9 EPDnew 650.7 0.0 -6 0.1 HDAC1 ATF1 SMAD5 RB1 L3MBTL2 E4F1 E2F1 POLR2B E2F8 POLR2A GDA GC09P072110
GH09J072140 Enhancer 0.8 ENCODE dbSUPER 12.4 +26.1 26149 1.1 ELF3 STAT1 JUN MAX CEBPB MNT EP300 JUND POLR2A STAT3 GDA GC09M072151
GH09J072119 Enhancer 1.1 ENCODE dbSUPER 8.9 +6.4 6362 3 FOXA2 MLX ARID4B DMAP1 ATF7 RXRA NFYC ZHX2 PPARG NFIL3 GDA GC09M072151
GH09J072126 Enhancer 1.1 ENCODE dbSUPER 8.8 +16.3 16255 8.3 FOXA2 ARID4B ETS1 YY1 NFKBIZ RXRA REST PPARG KAT8 NFIL3 GDA GC09M072151
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around GDA on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the GDA gene promoter:
  • STAT3
  • AREB6
  • IRF-2
  • Hlf
  • Nkx6-1
  • p53
  • S8
  • PPAR-gamma1
  • PPAR-gamma2

Genomic Locations for GDA Gene

Genomic Locations for GDA Gene
144,465 bases
Plus strand
142,599 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for GDA Gene

Genes around GDA on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GDA Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GDA Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GDA Gene

Proteins for GDA Gene

  • Protein details for GDA Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Guanine deaminase
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DTY5
    • Q5SZC7
    • Q9H335
    • Q9ULG2

    Protein attributes for GDA Gene

    454 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    51003 Da
    Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer.
    • Sequence=BAA86572.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for GDA Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for GDA Gene


neXtProt entry for GDA Gene

Post-translational modifications for GDA Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GDA Gene

Domains & Families for GDA Gene

Gene Families for GDA Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Enzymes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the metallo-dependent hydrolases superfamily. ATZ/TRZ family.
  • Belongs to the metallo-dependent hydrolases superfamily. ATZ/TRZ family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GDA: view

Function for GDA Gene

Molecular function for GDA Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the hydrolytic deamination of guanine, producing xanthine and ammonia.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Guanine + H(2)O = xanthine + NH(3).

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GDA Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for GDA Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GDA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 10542258
GO:0008270 zinc ion binding IBA,TAS --
GO:0008892 guanine deaminase activity IBA,TAS --
GO:0016787 hydrolase activity IEA --
GO:0016810 hydrolase activity, acting on carbon-nitrogen (but not peptide) bonds IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GDA: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GDA: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for GDA Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target GDA

Clone Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GDA Gene

Localization for GDA Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GDA gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 2
cytoskeleton 1
peroxisome 1
nucleus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GDA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular TAS 10542258
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome HDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GDA: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GDA Gene

Pathways & Interactions for GDA Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GDA: view

Pathways by source for GDA Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q9Y2T3-GUAD_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Purine metabolism; guanine degradation; xanthine from guanine: step 1/1.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GDA Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006139 nucleobase-containing compound metabolic process TAS 10075721
GO:0006147 guanine catabolic process IEA --
GO:0006195 purine nucleotide catabolic process TAS --
GO:0007399 nervous system development TAS 10542258
GO:0046098 guanine metabolic process IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GDA: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GDA Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GDA Gene

(10) Drugs for GDA Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Ammonia Approved Pharma 0
Water Approved Pharma 0
Guanine Experimental Pharma 0
Xanthine Experimental Pharma 0

(7) Additional Compounds for GDA Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GDA: view

Transcripts for GDA Gene

Unigene Clusters for GDA Gene

Guanine deaminase:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GDA Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16a · 16b ^ 17 ^ 18
SP1: - - - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: -
SP4: - -

Relevant External Links for GDA Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for GDA Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for GDA Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GDA Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Anterior cingulate cortex (BA24) (x8.7), Brain - Frontal Cortex (BA9) (x6.9), Brain - Cortex (x5.7), Brain - Hippocampus (x4.3), Liver (x4.3), and Brain - Nucleus accumbens (basal ganglia) (x4.1).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GDA Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Ovary (48.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for GDA Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GDA Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GDA Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for GDA Gene

  • Nervous system(4.9)
  • Intestine(4.3)
  • Liver(4.3)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GDA: view

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for GDA Gene

Orthologs for GDA Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for GDA Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GDA 34 33
  • 99.5 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GDA 34 33
  • 90.9 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GDA 34 33
  • 89.5 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gda 16 34 33
  • 88.25 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gda 33
  • 87.67 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GDA 34
  • 81 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GDA 34
  • 81 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GDA 34 33
  • 70.74 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GDA 34
  • 72 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gda 33
  • 62.69 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia LOC398728 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii gda 34 33
  • 63.04 (n)
Dr.23036 33
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP005282 33
  • 51.74 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta DhpD 34 33
  • 51.4 (n)
CG18143 35
  • 43 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes GUD1 36 34 33
  • 51.96 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0D19492g 33
  • 48.81 (n)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes SPCC1672.03c 33
  • 50.66 (n)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU07309 33
  • 46.95 (n)
Species where no ortholog for GDA was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for GDA Gene

Gene Tree for GDA (if available)
Gene Tree for GDA (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for GDA: view image

Paralogs for GDA Gene

(7) SIMAP similar genes for GDA Gene using alignment to 6 proteins:

  • Q5SZC6_HUMAN Pseudogenes for GDA Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GDA: view

No data available for Paralogs for GDA Gene

Variants for GDA Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GDA Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 09 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000005537 -- 72,237,072(+) G/A intron_variant
rs1000054402 -- 72,234,657(+) A/G intron_variant
rs1000083680 -- 72,234,291(+) G/A intron_variant
rs1000086604 -- 72,175,476(+) C/A genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000099774 -- 72,236,698(+) C/T intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GDA Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv831618 CNV loss 17160897
nsv614610 CNV loss 21841781
nsv466420 CNV loss 19166990
nsv1042680 CNV loss 25217958
esv3620628 CNV loss 21293372
esv3573260 CNV loss 25503493
esv2738549 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2666473 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2634959 CNV deletion 19546169

Variation tolerance for GDA Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 55.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.18; 39.48% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for GDA Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GDA Gene

Disorders for GDA Gene

Additional Disease Information for GDA

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology

No disorders were found for GDA Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GDA Gene

Publications for GDA Gene

  1. Cloning and characterization of human guanine deaminase. Purification and partial amino acid sequence of the mouse protein. (PMID: 10075721) Yuan G … Snyder FF (The Journal of biological chemistry 1999) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. A novel NE-dlg/SAP102-associated protein, p51-nedasin, related to the amidohydrolase superfamily, interferes with the association between NE-dlg/SAP102 and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor. (PMID: 10542258) Kuwahara H … Saya H (The Journal of biological chemistry 1999) 3 4 22 58
  3. Genome-wide association study of increasing suicidal ideation during antidepressant treatment in the GENDEP project. (PMID: 20877300) Perroud N … McGuffin P (The pharmacogenomics journal 2012) 3 44 58
  4. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose JE … Uhl GR (Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 2010) 3 44 58
  5. Alteration of enzyme specificity by computational loop remodeling and design. (PMID: 19470646) Murphy PM … Baker D (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2009) 4 22 58

Products for GDA Gene

Sources for GDA Gene

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