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Aliases for GADL1 Gene

Aliases for GADL1 Gene

  • Glutamate Decarboxylase Like 1 2 3 5
  • Glutamate Decarboxylase-Like Protein 1 3 4
  • Cysteine Sulfinic Acid Decarboxylase 3 4
  • Aspartate 1-Decarboxylase 3 4
  • HuCSADC 3 4
  • CSADC 3 4
  • HuADC 3 4
  • ADC 3 4
  • Acidic Amino Acid Decarboxylase GADL1 3
  • Glutamate Decarboxylase-Like 1 2
  • EC 4.1.1.11 4
  • EC 4.1.1.29 4

External Ids for GADL1 Gene

Summaries for GADL1 Gene

GeneCards Summary for GADL1 Gene

GADL1 (Glutamate Decarboxylase Like 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include pyridoxal phosphate binding and sulfinoalanine decarboxylase activity. An important paralog of this gene is CSAD.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GADL1 Gene

  • May catalyze the decarboxylation of aspartate, cysteine sulfinic acid, and cysteic acid to beta-alanine, hypotaurine and taurine, respectively. Does not exhibit any decarboxylation activity toward glutamate.

Additional gene information for GADL1 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for GADL1 Gene

Genomics for GADL1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for GADL1 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for GADL1 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH03J030894 Promoter 1.4 EPDnew Ensembl 650.7 +0.2 237 0.7 CTCF SUZ12 CBX8 GLIS2 PATZ1 GLIS1 ZBTB26 ZBTB17 EZH2 GADL1 GC03P030896 GC03P030895 GC03M030864
GH03J031003 Promoter/Enhancer 1.2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 650.1 -109.8 -109776 2.4 PKNOX1 JUND JUN IKZF1 IKZF2 SPI1 GADL1 GC03M030998 GC03P031044
GH03J030719 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 9.9 +173.4 173434 3 ELF3 FOXA2 SIN3A RAD21 RARA YY1 EGR1 RCOR1 FOS CREM GADL1 ENSG00000261468 GC03P030759
GH03J030687 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 5 +205.5 205506 3 JUN MZF1 FEZF1 RAD21 POLR2A PRDM10 RCOR1 FOSL2 MAFK CHD2 GADL1 ENSG00000261468 GC03M030649 TGFBR2
GH03J030847 Enhancer 0.3 ENCODE 12.1 +46.5 46457 2.1 PKNOX1 GADL1 GC03M030864 GC03M030808
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around GADL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the GADL1 gene promoter:
  • CUTL1
  • AML1a
  • FOXO1a
  • FOXO1
  • HTF
  • Brachyury
  • USF2
  • USF1
  • USF-1:USF-2
  • USF-1

Genomic Locations for GADL1 Gene

Genomic Locations for GADL1 Gene
chr3:30,726,200-30,894,765
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
168,566 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand
chr3:30,767,692-30,936,257
(GRCh37/hg19)
Size:
168,566 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for GADL1 Gene

Genes around GADL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
GADL1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for GADL1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for GADL1 Gene

Proteins for GADL1 Gene

  • Protein details for GADL1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q6ZQY3-GADL1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Acidic amino acid decarboxylase GADL1
    Protein Accession:
    Q6ZQY3

    Protein attributes for GADL1 Gene

    Size:
    521 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    59246 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=pyridoxal 5-phosphate; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:597326;
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=AAH93701.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAI11987.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAC87546.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for GADL1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for GADL1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for GADL1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for GADL1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for GADL1 Gene

Domains & Families for GADL1 Gene

Gene Families for GADL1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Enzymes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for GADL1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for GADL1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q6ZQY3

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

GADL1_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the group II decarboxylase family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the group II decarboxylase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with GADL1: view

Function for GADL1 Gene

Molecular function for GADL1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
May catalyze the decarboxylation of aspartate, cysteine sulfinic acid, and cysteic acid to beta-alanine, hypotaurine and taurine, respectively. Does not exhibit any decarboxylation activity toward glutamate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
L-aspartate = beta-alanine + CO(2).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
3-sulfino-L-alanine = hypotaurine + CO(2).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
Kinetic parameters: KM=2.72 mM for aspartate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23038267}; KM=1.14 mM for cysteine sulfinic acid {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23038267}; Vmax=1.56 umol/min/mg enzyme toward aspartate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23038267}; Vmax=2.31 umol/min/mg enzyme toward cysteine sulfinic acid {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23038267};

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for GADL1 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for GADL1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for GADL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004068 aspartate 1-decarboxylase activity IEA --
GO:0004782 sulfinoalanine decarboxylase activity IEA --
GO:0016829 lyase activity IEA --
GO:0016831 carboxy-lyase activity TAS --
GO:0030170 pyridoxal phosphate binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GADL1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with GADL1: view

Animal Model Products

Clone Products

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for GADL1 Gene

Localization for GADL1 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for GADL1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
nucleus 4
plasma membrane 2
mitochondrion 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cytosol (2)
  • Plasma membrane (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for GADL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GADL1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GADL1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for GADL1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with GADL1: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for GADL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008652 cellular amino acid biosynthetic process TAS --
GO:0019752 carboxylic acid metabolic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with GADL1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for GADL1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for GADL1 Gene

(1) Drugs for GADL1 Gene - From: DrugBank and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Pyridoxal Phosphate Approved, Investigational Nutra Target, cofactor 17
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with GADL1: view

Transcripts for GADL1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for GADL1 Gene

(3) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(4) Additional mRNA sequences :
(6) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(3) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for GADL1 Gene

Glutamate decarboxylase-like 1:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for GADL1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for GADL1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
GADL1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
GADL1

Expression for GADL1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for GADL1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for GADL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Muscle - Skeletal (x21.0), Esophagus - Gastroesophageal Junction (x13.7), and Esophagus - Muscularis (x8.5).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for GADL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Plasma (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for GADL1 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for GADL1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of GADL1 Gene:

GADL1

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for GADL1 Gene:

Hs.657052

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for GADL1 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.3)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with GADL1: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for GADL1 Gene

Orthologs for GADL1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for GADL1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia GADL1 34 33
  • 99.35 (n)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia GADL1 34 33
  • 92.39 (n)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia GADL1 34 33
  • 88.16 (n)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gadl1 16 34 33
  • 86.79 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Gadl1 33
  • 82.89 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia GADL1 34
  • 78 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia GADL1 34
  • 75 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves GADL1 34 33
  • 80.07 (n)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia GADL1 34
  • 83 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia gadl1 33
  • 74.1 (n)
Str.2151 33
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii zgc:163121 34
  • 46 (a)
ManyToMany
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP008904 33
  • 56.63 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta b 34 33
  • 56.56 (n)
ManyToMany
CG5618 34
  • 46 (a)
ManyToMany
Species where no ortholog for GADL1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for GADL1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for GADL1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for GADL1 (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for GADL1: view image

Paralogs for GADL1 Gene

Paralogs for GADL1 Gene

(5) SIMAP similar genes for GADL1 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

  • GADL1_HUMAN

Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for GADL1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with GADL1: view

Variants for GADL1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for GADL1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000015897 -- 30,847,163(-) G/C/T intron_variant
rs1000018580 -- 30,799,721(-) G/A intron_variant
rs1000041830 -- 30,845,701(-) A/G intron_variant
rs1000050516 -- 30,775,054(-) G/C intron_variant
rs1000052838 -- 30,777,737(-) C/T intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for GADL1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2660444 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2663822 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2666210 CNV deletion 23128226
esv3568677 CNV loss 25503493
esv3595740 CNV loss 21293372
esv3595741 CNV loss 21293372
nsv1114366 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1114367 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1114368 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv441818 CNV loss 18776908
nsv460484 CNV gain 19166990
nsv476580 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv477516 CNV novel sequence insertion 20440878
nsv514144 CNV loss 21397061
nsv515560 CNV loss 19592680
nsv522284 CNV loss 19592680
nsv522385 CNV loss 19592680
nsv590029 CNV loss 21841781
nsv590030 CNV gain 21841781
nsv7352 OTHER inversion 18451855

Variation tolerance for GADL1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 89.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.91; 59.32% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for GADL1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
GADL1

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for GADL1 Gene

Disorders for GADL1 Gene

Additional Disease Information for GADL1

No disorders were found for GADL1 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for GADL1 Gene

Publications for GADL1 Gene

  1. Lithium response in bipolar disorder: No difference in GADL1 gene expression between cell lines from excellent-responders and non-responders. (PMID: 28214779) Moreira J … Marie-Claire C (Psychiatry research 2017) 3 58
  2. Mammalian CSAD and GADL1 have distinct biochemical properties and patterns of brain expression. (PMID: 26327310) Winge I … Haavik J (Neurochemistry international 2015) 3 58
  3. GADL1 gene polymorphisms and lithium response in bipolar I disorder: lack of association from an Indian population. (PMID: 25415457) Kotambail A … Satyamoorthy K (Psychiatric genetics 2015) 3 58
  4. Variant GADL1 and response to lithium therapy in bipolar I disorder. (PMID: 24369049) Chen CH … Taiwan Bipolar Consortium (The New England journal of medicine 2014) 3 58
  5. An atlas of genetic influences on human blood metabolites. (PMID: 24816252) Shin SY … Soranzo N (Nature genetics 2014) 3 58

Products for GADL1 Gene

Sources for GADL1 Gene

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