Aliases for GABRP Gene
External Ids for GABRP Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for GABRP Gene
The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor is a multisubunit chloride channel that mediates the fastest inhibitory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. The subunit encoded by this gene is expressed in several non-neuronal tissues including the uterus and ovaries. This subunit can assemble with known GABA A receptor subunits, and the presence of this subunit alters the sensitivity of recombinant receptors to modulatory agents such as pregnanolone. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2014]
GeneCards Summary for GABRP Gene
GABRP (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid Type A Receptor Subunit Pi) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with GABRP include Episodic Ataxia, Type 4 and Episodic Ataxia, Type 3. Among its related pathways are GABAergic synapse and Peptide ligand-binding receptors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include chloride channel activity and GABA-A receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is GABRD.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for GABRP Gene
GABA, the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate brain, mediates neuronal inhibition by binding to the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor and opening an integral chloride channel. In the uterus, the function of the receptor appears to be related to tissue contractility. The binding of this pI subunit with other GABA(A) receptor subunits alters the sensitivity of recombinant receptors to modulatory agents such as pregnanolone.
GABAA receptors are members of the Cys-loop family of ligand-gated ion channels and, along with GABAB receptors, are responsible for mediating the inhibitory effects of GABA. They are pentameric proteins, consisting of five subunits belonging to different families.