Aliases for G6PD Gene
External Ids for G6PD Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for G6PD Gene
This gene encodes glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. This protein is a cytosolic enzyme encoded by a housekeeping X-linked gene whose main function is to produce NADPH, a key electron donor in the defense against oxidizing agents and in reductive biosynthetic reactions. G6PD is remarkable for its genetic diversity. Many variants of G6PD, mostly produced from missense mutations, have been described with wide ranging levels of enzyme activity and associated clinical symptoms. G6PD deficiency may cause neonatal jaundice, acute hemolysis, or severe chronic non-spherocytic hemolytic anemia. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for G6PD Gene
G6PD (Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with G6PD include Anemia, Nonspherocytic Hemolytic, Due To G6pd Deficiency and Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Glycosaminoglycan metabolism and Pentose phosphate pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and carbohydrate binding. An important paralog of this gene is H6PD.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for G6PD Gene
Catalyzes the rate-limiting step of the oxidative pentose-phosphate pathway, which represents a route for the dissimilation of carbohydrates besides glycolysis. The main function of this enzyme is to provide reducing power (NADPH) and pentose phosphates for fatty acid and nucleic acid synthesis.