Aliases for FOXO3 Gene
External Ids for FOXO3 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for FOXO3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FOXO3 Gene
This gene belongs to the forkhead family of transcription factors which are characterized by a distinct forkhead domain. This gene likely functions as a trigger for apoptosis through expression of genes necessary for cell death. Translocation of this gene with the MLL gene is associated with secondary acute leukemia. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for FOXO3 Gene
FOXO3 (Forkhead Box O3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with FOXO3 include Chromosome 6Q Deletion and Rhabdomyosarcoma. Among its related pathways are Common Cytokine Receptor Gamma-Chain Family Signaling Pathways and RET signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA-binding transcription factor activity and protein kinase binding. An important paralog of this gene is FOXO1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for FOXO3 Gene
Transcriptional activator that recognizes and binds to the DNA sequence 5'-[AG]TAAA[TC]A-3' and regulates different processes, such as apoptosis and autophagy (PubMed:10102273, PubMed:16751106, PubMed:21329882). Acts as a positive regulator of autophagy in skeletal muscle: in starved cells, enters the nucleus following dephosphorylation and binds the promoters of autophagy genes, such as GABARAP1L, MAP1LC3B and ATG12, thereby activating their expression, resulting in proteolysis of skeletal muscle proteins (By similarity). Triggers apoptosis in the absence of survival factors, including neuronal cell death upon oxidative stress (PubMed:10102273, PubMed:16751106). Participates in post-transcriptional regulation of MYC: following phosphorylation by MAPKAPK5, promotes induction of miR-34b and miR-34c expression, 2 post-transcriptional regulators of MYC that bind to the 3'UTR of MYC transcript and prevent its translation (PubMed:21329882). In response to metabolic stress, translocates into the mitochondria where it promotes mtDNA transcription (PubMed:23283301). In response to metabolic stress, translocates into the mitochondria where it promotes mtDNA transcription. Also acts as a key regulator of chondrogenic commitment of skeletal progenitor cells in response to lipid availability: when lipids levels are low, translocates to the nucleus and promotes expression of SOX9, which induces chondrogenic commitment and suppresses fatty acid oxidation (By similarity).