Aliases for FOXC1 Gene
External Ids for FOXC1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for FOXC1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FOXC1 Gene
This gene belongs to the forkhead family of transcription factors which is characterized by a distinct DNA-binding forkhead domain. The specific function of this gene has not yet been determined; however, it has been shown to play a role in the regulation of embryonic and ocular development. Mutations in this gene cause various glaucoma phenotypes including primary congenital glaucoma, autosomal dominant iridogoniodysgenesis anomaly, and Axenfeld-Rieger anomaly. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for FOXC1 Gene
FOXC1 (Forkhead Box C1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with FOXC1 include Axenfeld-Rieger Syndrome, Type 3 and Anterior Segment Dysgenesis 3. Among its related pathways are Heart Development and Mesodermal Commitment Pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA-binding transcription factor activity and transcription factor binding. An important paralog of this gene is FOXC2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for FOXC1 Gene
DNA-binding transcriptional factor that plays a role in a broad range of cellular and developmental processes such as eye, bones, cardiovascular, kidney and skin development (PubMed:11782474, PubMed:15299087, PubMed:15684392, PubMed:16492674, PubMed:27907090, PubMed:14506133, PubMed:14578375, PubMed:15277473, PubMed:16449236, PubMed:17210863, PubMed:19793056, PubMed:19279310, PubMed:25786029, PubMed:27804176). Acts either as a transcriptional activator or repressor (PubMed:11782474). Binds to the consensus binding site 5'-[G/C][A/T]AAA[T/C]AA[A/C]-3' in promoter of target genes (PubMed:7957066, PubMed:11782474, PubMed:12533514, PubMed:14506133, PubMed:19793056, PubMed:27804176). Upon DNA-binding, promotes DNA bending (PubMed:7957066, PubMed:14506133). Acts as a transcriptional coactivator (PubMed:26565916). Stimulates Indian hedgehog (Ihh)-induced target gene expression mediated by the transcription factor GLI2, and hence regulates endochondral ossification (By similarity). Acts also as a transcriptional coregulator by increasing DNA-binding capacity of GLI2 in breast cancer cells (PubMed:26565916). Regulates FOXO1 through binding to a conserved element, 5'-GTAAACAAA-3' in its promoter region, implicating FOXC1 as an important regulator of cell viability and resistance to oxidative stress in the eye (PubMed:17993506). Cooperates with transcription factor FOXC2 in regulating expression of genes that maintain podocyte integrity (By similarity). Promotes cell growth inhibition by stopping the cell cycle in the G1 phase through TGFB1-mediated signals (PubMed:12408963). Involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) induction by increasing cell proliferation, migration and invasion (PubMed:20406990, PubMed:22991501). Involved in chemokine CXCL12-induced endothelial cell migration through the control of CXCR4 expression (By similarity). Plays a role in the gene regulatory network essential for epidermal keratinocyte terminal differentiation (PubMed:27907090). Essential developmental transcriptional factor required for mesoderm-derived tissues, such as the somites, skin, bone and cartilage. Positively regulates CXCL12 and stem cell factor expression in bone marrow mesenchymal progenitor cells, and hence plays a role in the development and maintenance of mesenchymal niches for haematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC). Plays a role in corneal transparency by preventing both blood vessel and lymphatic vessel growth during embryonic development in a VEGF-dependent manner. Involved in chemokine CXCL12-induced endothelial cell migration through the control of CXCR4 expression (By similarity). May function as a tumor suppressor (PubMed:12408963).