Aliases for FNIP2 Gene
External Ids for FNIP2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FNIP2 Gene
This gene encodes a protein that binds to the tumor suppressor folliculin and to AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and may play a role cellular metabolism and nutrient sensing by regulating the AMPK-mechanistic target of rapamycin signaling pathway. The encoded protein may also be involved in regulating the O6-methylguanine-induced apoptosis signaling pathway. This gene has a closely related paralog that encodes a protein with similar binding activities. Both related proteins also associate with the molecular chaperone heat shock protein-90 (Hsp90) and negatively regulate its ATPase activity and facilitate its association with folliculin. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2017]
GeneCards Summary for FNIP2 Gene
FNIP2 (Folliculin Interacting Protein 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with FNIP2 include Familial Renal Oncocytoma and Birt-Hogg-Dube Syndrome. Among its related pathways are mTOR signaling pathway (KEGG) and PI3K / Akt Signaling. An important paralog of this gene is FNIP1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for FNIP2 Gene
Binding partner of the GTPase-activating protein FLCN: involved in the cellular response to amino acid availability by regulating the mTORC1 signaling cascade controlling the MiT/TFE factors TFEB and TFE3 (PubMed:18663353, PubMed:31672913). In low-amino acid conditions, component of the lysosomal folliculin complex (LFC) on the membrane of lysosomes, which inhibits the GTPase-activating activity of FLCN, thereby inactivating mTORC1 and promoting nuclear translocation of TFEB and TFE3 (PubMed:31672913). Upon amino acid restimulation, disassembly of the LFC complex liberates the GTPase-activating activity of FLCN, leading to activation of mTORC1 and subsequent cytoplasmic retention of TFEB and TFE3 (PubMed:31672913). Together with FLCN, regulates autophagy: following phosphorylation by ULK1, interacts with GABARAP and promotes autophagy (PubMed:25126726). In addition to its role in mTORC1 signaling, also acts as a co-chaperone of HSP90AA1/Hsp90: inhibits the ATPase activity of HSP90AA1/Hsp90, leading to activate both kinase and non-kinase client proteins of HSP90AA1/Hsp90 (PubMed:18403135). Acts as a scaffold to load client protein FLCN onto HSP90AA1/Hsp90 (PubMed:18403135). Competes with the activating co-chaperone AHSA1 for binding to HSP90AA1, thereby providing a reciprocal regulatory mechanism for chaperoning of client proteins (PubMed:18403135). May play a role in the signal transduction pathway of apoptosis induced by O6-methylguanine-mispaired lesions (By similarity).