Aliases for FNIP1 Gene
External Ids for FNIP1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FNIP1 Gene
This gene encodes a protein that binds to the tumor suppressor protein folliculin and to AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). The encoded protein participates in the regulation of cellular metabolism and nutrient sensing by modulating the AMPK and target of rapamycin signaling pathways. This gene has a closely related paralog that encodes a protein with similar binding activities. Both related proteins also associate with the molecular chaperone heat shock protein-90 (Hsp90) and negatively regulate its ATPase activity and facilitate its association with folliculin. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2017]
GeneCards Summary for FNIP1 Gene
FNIP1 (Folliculin Interacting Protein 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with FNIP1 include Interdigitating Dendritic Cell Sarcoma and Multilocular Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma. Among its related pathways are mTOR signaling pathway (KEGG). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity. An important paralog of this gene is FNIP2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for FNIP1 Gene
Binding partner of the GTPase-activating protein FLCN: involved in the cellular response to amino acid availability by regulating the mTORC1 signaling cascade controlling the MiT/TFE factors TFEB and TFE3 (PubMed:17028174, PubMed:18663353, PubMed:24081491). In low-amino acid conditions, component of the lysosomal folliculin complex (LFC) on the membrane of lysosomes, which inhibits the GTPase-activating activity of FLCN, thereby inactivating mTORC1 and promoting nuclear translocation of TFEB and TFE3 (By similarity). Upon amino acid restimulation, disassembly of the LFC complex liberates the GTPase-activating activity of FLCN, leading to activation of mTORC1 and subsequent cytoplasmic retention of TFEB and TFE3 (By similarity). Required to promote FLCN recruitment to lysosomes and interaction with Rag GTPases (PubMed:24081491). Together with FLCN, regulates autophagy: following phosphorylation by ULK1, interacts with GABARAP and promotes autophagy (PubMed:25126726). In addition to its role in mTORC1 signaling, also acts as a co-chaperone of HSP90AA1/Hsp90: following gradual phosphorylation by CK2, inhibits the ATPase activity of HSP90AA1/Hsp90, leading to activate both kinase and non-kinase client proteins of HSP90AA1/Hsp90 (PubMed:27353360, PubMed:30699359). Acts as a scaffold to load client protein FLCN onto HSP90AA1/Hsp90 (PubMed:27353360). Competes with the activating co-chaperone AHSA1 for binding to HSP90AA1, thereby providing a reciprocal regulatory mechanism for chaperoning of client proteins (PubMed:27353360). Required for B-cell development (By similarity).