Aliases for FHIT Gene
External Ids for FHIT Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FHIT Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a P1-P3-bis(5'-adenosyl) triphosphate hydrolase involved in purine metabolism. This gene encompasses the common fragile site FRA3B on chromosome 3, where carcinogen-induced damage can lead to translocations and aberrant transcripts. In fact, aberrant transcripts from this gene have been found in about half of all esophageal, stomach, and colon carcinomas. The encoded protein is also a tumor suppressor, as loss of its activity results in replication stress and DNA damage. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2017]
GeneCards Summary for FHIT Gene
FHIT (Fragile Histidine Triad Diadenosine Triphosphatase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with FHIT include Renal Cell Carcinoma, Nonpapillary and Sporadic Breast Cancer. Among its related pathways are Small cell lung cancer and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and hydrolase activity. An important paralog of this gene is HINT1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for FHIT Gene
Cleaves P(1)-P(3)-bis(5'-adenosyl) triphosphate (Ap3A) to yield AMP and ADP. Can also hydrolyze P(1)-P(4)-bis(5'-adenosyl) tetraphosphate (Ap4A), but has extremely low activity with ATP. Modulates transcriptional activation by CTNNB1 and thereby contributes to regulate the expression of genes essential for cell proliferation and survival, such as CCND1 and BIRC5. Plays a role in the induction of apoptosis via SRC and AKT1 signaling pathways. Inhibits MDM2-mediated proteasomal degradation of p53/TP53 and thereby plays a role in p53/TP53-mediated apoptosis. Induction of apoptosis depends on the ability of FHIT to bind P(1)-P(3)-bis(5'-adenosyl) triphosphate or related compounds, but does not require its catalytic activity, it may in part come from the mitochondrial form, which sensitizes the low-affinity Ca(2+) transporters, enhancing mitochondrial calcium uptake. Functions as tumor suppressor.