External Ids for FGA Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FGA Gene
This gene encodes the alpha subunit of the coagulation factor fibrinogen, which is a component of the blood clot. Following vascular injury, the encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed by thrombin during the conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin. Mutations in this gene lead to several disorders, including dysfibrinogenemia, hypofibrinogenemia, afibrinogenemia and renal amyloidosis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants, at least one of which encodes an isoform that undergoes proteolytic processing. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2016]
GeneCards Summary for FGA Gene
FGA (Fibrinogen Alpha Chain) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with FGA include Dysfibrinogenemia, Congenital and Afibrinogenemia, Congenital. Among its related pathways are RET signaling and Integrin alphaIIb beta3 signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include signaling receptor binding and protein binding, bridging. An important paralog of this gene is TNC.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for FGA Gene
Cleaved by the protease thrombin to yield monomers which, together with fibrinogen beta (FGB) and fibrinogen gamma (FGG), polymerize to form an insoluble fibrin matrix. Fibrin has a major function in hemostasis as one of the primary components of blood clots. In addition, functions during the early stages of wound repair to stabilize the lesion and guide cell migration during re-epithelialization. Was originally thought to be essential for platelet aggregation, based on in vitro studies using anticoagulated blood. However, subsequent studies have shown that it is not absolutely required for thrombus formation in vivo. Enhances expression of SELP in activated platelets via an ITGB3-dependent pathway. Maternal fibrinogen is essential for successful pregnancy. Fibrin deposition is also associated with infection, where it protects against IFNG-mediated hemorrhage. May also facilitate the immune response via both innate and T-cell mediated pathways.