Aliases for FAAH Gene
External Ids for FAAH Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for FAAH Gene
This gene encodes a protein that is responsible for the hydrolysis of a number of primary and secondary fatty acid amides, including the neuromodulatory compounds anandamide and oleamide. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for FAAH Gene
FAAH (Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with FAAH include Polysubstance Abuse and Cannabis Dependence. Among its related pathways are Arachidonic acid metabolism and phospholipases. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include hydrolase activity, acting on carbon-nitrogen (but not peptide) bonds, in linear amides and carbon-nitrogen ligase activity, with glutamine as amido-N-donor. An important paralog of this gene is FAAH2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for FAAH Gene
Catalyzes the hydrolysis of endogenous amidated lipids like the sleep-inducing lipid oleamide ((9Z)-octadecenamide), the endocannabinoid anandamide (N-(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenoyl)-ethanolamine), as well as other fatty amides, to their corresponding fatty acids, thereby regulating the signaling functions of these molecules (PubMed:9122178, PubMed:17015445, PubMed:19926788). Hydrolyzes polyunsaturated substrate anandamide preferentially as compared to monounsaturated substrates (PubMed:9122178, PubMed:17015445). It can also catalyze the hydrolysis of the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenoyl)-glycerol) (PubMed:21049984). FAAH cooperates with PM20D1 in the hydrolysis of amino acid-conjugated fatty acids such as N-fatty acyl glycine and N-fatty acyl-L-serine, thereby acting as a physiological regulator of specific subsets of intracellular, but not of extracellular, N-fatty acyl amino acids (By similarity).
Fatty acid amide hydrolase, (FAAH, Oleamide hydrolase, Anandamide amidohydrolase), is an integral membrane protein that hydrolyzes bioactive amides, including anandamide, to free fatty acid and ethanolamine. FAAH belongs to the serine hydrolase enzyme family.