Aliases for F7 Gene
External Ids for F7 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for F7 Gene
This gene encodes coagulation factor VII which is a vitamin K-dependent factor essential for hemostasis. This factor circulates in the blood in a zymogen form, and is converted to an active form by either factor IXa, factor Xa, factor XIIa, or thrombin by minor proteolysis. Upon activation of the factor VII, a heavy chain containing a catalytic domain and a light chain containing 2 EGF-like domains are generated, and two chains are held together by a disulfide bond. In the presence of factor III and calcium ions, the activated factor then further activates the coagulation cascade by converting factor IX to factor IXa and/or factor X to factor Xa. Defects in this gene can cause coagulopathy. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms that may undergo similar proteolytic processing to generate mature polypeptides. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]
GeneCards Summary for F7 Gene
F7 (Coagulation Factor VII) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with F7 include Factor Vii Deficiency and Myocardial Infarction. Among its related pathways are Formation of Fibrin Clot (Clotting Cascade) and Gamma carboxylation, hypusine formation and arylsulfatase activation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and serine-type endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is F9.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for F7 Gene
Initiates the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation. Serine protease that circulates in the blood in a zymogen form. Factor VII is converted to factor VIIa by factor Xa, factor XIIa, factor IXa, or thrombin by minor proteolysis. In the presence of tissue factor and calcium ions, factor VIIa then converts factor X to factor Xa by limited proteolysis. Factor VIIa will also convert factor IX to factor IXa in the presence of tissue factor and calcium.