Aliases for EYA2 Gene
External Ids for EYA2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for EYA2 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the eyes absent (EYA) family of proteins. The encoded protein may be post-translationally modified and may play a role in eye development. A similar protein in mice can act as a transcriptional activator. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants, but the full-length natures of all of these variants have not yet been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2009]
GeneCards Summary for EYA2 Gene
EYA2 (EYA Transcriptional Coactivator And Phosphatase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are DNA Double-Strand Break Repair and DNA Double Strand Break Response. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include magnesium ion binding and protein tyrosine phosphatase activity. An important paralog of this gene is EYA1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EYA2 Gene
Functions both as protein phosphatase and as transcriptional coactivator for SIX1, and probably also for SIX2, SIX4 and SIX5 (PubMed:12500905, PubMed:23435380). Tyrosine phosphatase that dephosphorylates Tyr-142 of histone H2AX (H2AXY142ph) and promotes efficient DNA repair via the recruitment of DNA repair complexes containing MDC1. Tyr-142 phosphorylation of histone H2AX plays a central role in DNA repair and acts as a mark that distinguishes between apoptotic and repair responses to genotoxic stress (PubMed:19351884). Its function as histone phosphatase may contribute to its function in transcription regulation during organogenesis. Plays an important role in hypaxial muscle development together with SIX1 and DACH2; in this it is functionally redundant with EYA1 (PubMed:12500905).