Aliases for ENO1 Gene
External Ids for ENO1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for ENO1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ENO1 Gene
This gene encodes alpha-enolase, one of three enolase isoenzymes found in mammals. Each isoenzyme is a homodimer composed of 2 alpha, 2 gamma, or 2 beta subunits, and functions as a glycolytic enzyme. Alpha-enolase in addition, functions as a structural lens protein (tau-crystallin) in the monomeric form. Alternative splicing of this gene results in a shorter isoform that has been shown to bind to the c-myc promoter and function as a tumor suppressor. Several pseudogenes have been identified, including one on the long arm of chromosome 1. Alpha-enolase has also been identified as an autoantigen in Hashimoto encephalopathy. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2011]
GeneCards Summary for ENO1 Gene
ENO1 (Enolase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ENO1 include Hashimoto Encephalopathy and Cancer-Associated Retinopathy. Among its related pathways are Carbon metabolism and Deadenylation-dependent mRNA decay. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transcription corepressor activity. An important paralog of this gene is ENO2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ENO1 Gene
Glycolytic enzyme the catalyzes the conversion of 2-phosphoglycerate to phosphoenolpyruvate (PubMed:29775581, PubMed:1369209). In addition to glycolysis, involved in various processes such as growth control, hypoxia tolerance and allergic responses (PubMed:2005901, PubMed:10802057, PubMed:12666133, PubMed:29775581). May also function in the intravascular and pericellular fibrinolytic system due to its ability to serve as a receptor and activator of plasminogen on the cell surface of several cell-types such as leukocytes and neurons (PubMed:12666133). Stimulates immunoglobulin production (PubMed:1369209).
MBP1 binds to the myc promoter and acts as a transcriptional repressor. May be a tumor suppressor.