Aliases for EIF4E Gene
External Ids for EIF4E Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for EIF4E Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for EIF4E Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a component of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4F complex, which recognizes the 7-methylguanosine cap structure at the 5' end of messenger RNAs. The encoded protein aids in translation initiation by recruiting ribosomes to the 5'-cap structure. Association of this protein with the 4F complex is the rate-limiting step in translation initiation. This gene acts as a proto-oncogene, and its expression and activation is associated with transformation and tumorigenesis. Several pseudogenes of this gene are found on other chromosomes. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2015]
GeneCards Summary for EIF4E Gene
EIF4E (Eukaryotic Translation Initiation Factor 4E) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with EIF4E include Autism 19 and Pervasive Developmental Disorder. Among its related pathways are Beta-Adrenergic Signaling and Activation of the mRNA upon binding of the cap-binding complex and eIFs, and subsequent binding to 43S. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include translation initiation factor activity. An important paralog of this gene is EIF4E1B.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for EIF4E Gene
Recognizes and binds the 7-methylguanosine-containing mRNA cap during an early step in the initiation of protein synthesis and facilitates ribosome binding by inducing the unwinding of the mRNAs secondary structures (PubMed:16271312, PubMed:22578813). In addition to its role in translation initiation, also acts as a regulator of translation and stability in the cytoplasm (PubMed:24335285). Component of the CYFIP1-EIF4E-FMR1 complex which binds to the mRNA cap and mediates translational repression: in the complex, EIF4E mediates the binding to the mRNA cap (By similarity). Component of a multiprotein complex that sequesters and represses translation of proneurogenic factors during neurogenesis (By similarity). In P-bodies, component of a complex that mediates the storage of translationally inactive mRNAs in the cytoplasm and prevents their degradation (PubMed:24335285). May play an important role in spermatogenesis through translational regulation of stage-specific mRNAs during germ cell development (By similarity).