Aliases for EHHADH Gene
External Ids for EHHADH Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for EHHADH Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for EHHADH Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a bifunctional enzyme and is one of the four enzymes of the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway. The N-terminal region of the encoded protein contains enoyl-CoA hydratase activity while the C-terminal region contains 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity. Defects in this gene are a cause of peroxisomal disorders such as Zellweger syndrome. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]
GeneCards Summary for EHHADH Gene
EHHADH (Enoyl-CoA Hydratase And 3-Hydroxyacyl CoA Dehydrogenase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with EHHADH include Fanconi Renotubular Syndrome 3 and D-Bifunctional Protein Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Valproic acid pathway and beta-Alanine metabolism (KEGG). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include signaling receptor binding and oxidoreductase activity. An important paralog of this gene is HADHA.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for EHHADH Gene
Peroxisomal trifunctional enzyme possessing 2-enoyl-CoA hydratase, 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, and delta 3, delta 2-enoyl-CoA isomerase activities. Catalyzes two of the four reactions of the long straight chain fatty acids peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway. Optimal isomerase for 2,5 double bonds into 3,5 form isomerization in a range of enoyl-CoA species (Probable). Also able to isomerize both 3-cis and 3-trans double bonds into the 2-trans form in a range of enoyl-CoA species (By similarity). With HSD17B4, catalyzes the hydration of trans-2-enoyl-CoA and the dehydrogenation of 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA, but with opposite chiral specificity (PubMed:15060085). Regulates the amount of medium-chain dicarboxylic fatty acids which are essential regulators of all fatty acid oxidation pathways (By similarity). Also involved in the degradation of long-chain dicarboxylic acids through peroxisomal beta-oxidation (PubMed:15060085).