Aliases for EGF Gene
External Ids for EGF Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for EGF Gene
This gene encodes a member of the epidermal growth factor superfamily. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate the 53-amino acid epidermal growth factor peptide. This protein acts a potent mitogenic factor that plays an important role in the growth, proliferation and differentiation of numerous cell types. This protein acts by binding with high affinity to the cell surface receptor, epidermal growth factor receptor. Defects in this gene are the cause of hypomagnesemia type 4. Dysregulation of this gene has been associated with the growth and progression of certain cancers. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants, at least one of which encodes a preproprotein that is proteolytically processed. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2016]
GeneCards Summary for EGF Gene
EGF (Epidermal Growth Factor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with EGF include Hypomagnesemia 4, Renal and Familial Primary Hypomagnesemia With Normocalciuria And Normocalcemia. Among its related pathways are MicroRNAs in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and RET signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and epidermal growth factor receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is LRP2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for EGF Gene
EGF stimulates the growth of various epidermal and epithelial tissues in vivo and in vitro and of some fibroblasts in cell culture. Magnesiotropic hormone that stimulates magnesium reabsorption in the renal distal convoluted tubule via engagement of EGFR and activation of the magnesium channel TRPM6. Can induce neurite outgrowth in motoneurons of the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis in vitro (PubMed:10964941).
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a receptor tyrosine kinase of the ErbB family. Four members of the ErbB family have been identified; EGFR (ErbB1, HER1), ErbB2 (HER2), ErbB3 (HER3) and ErbB4 (HER4). EGFR signaling drives many cellular responses.