Aliases for EFNB3 Gene
External Ids for EFNB3 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for EFNB3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for EFNB3 Gene
EFNB3, a member of the ephrin gene family, is important in brain development as well as in its maintenance. Moreover, since levels of EFNB3 expression were particularly high in several forebrain subregions compared to other brain subregions, it may play a pivotal role in forebrain function. The EPH and EPH-related receptors comprise the largest subfamily of receptor protein-tyrosine kinases and have been implicated in mediating developmental events, particularly in the nervous system. EPH Receptors typically have a single kinase domain and an extracellular region containing a Cys-rich domain and 2 fibronectin type III repeats. The ephrin ligands and receptors have been named by the Eph Nomenclature Committee (1997). Based on their structures and sequence relationships, ephrins are divided into the ephrin-A (EFNA) class, which are anchored to the membrane by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol linkage, and the ephrin-B (EFNB) class, which are transmembrane proteins. The Eph family of receptors are similarly divided into 2 groups based on the similarity of their extracellular domain sequences and their affinities for binding ephrin-A and ephrin-B ligands. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for EFNB3 Gene
EFNB3 (Ephrin B3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with EFNB3 include Nipah Virus Encephalitis and Arthrogryposis, Distal, Type 1A. Among its related pathways are EphB-EphrinB Signaling and EPH-Ephrin signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include ephrin receptor binding and transmembrane-ephrin receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is EFNB2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for EFNB3 Gene
Cell surface transmembrane ligand for Eph receptors, a family of receptor tyrosine kinases which are crucial for migration, repulsion and adhesion during neuronal, vascular and epithelial development. Binds promiscuously Eph receptors residing on adjacent cells, leading to contact-dependent bidirectional signaling into neighboring cells. The signaling pathway downstream of the receptor is referred to as forward signaling while the signaling pathway downstream of the ephrin ligand is referred to as reverse signaling. May play a pivotal role in forebrain function. Binds to, and induce the collapse of, commissural axons/growth cones in vitro. May play a role in constraining the orientation of longitudinally projecting axons (By similarity).
(Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for nipah virus and hendra virus.