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Aliases for EFEMP2 Gene

Aliases for EFEMP2 Gene

  • EGF Containing Fibulin Extracellular Matrix Protein 2 2 3 5
  • EGF Containing Fibulin Like Extracellular Matrix Protein 2 2 3
  • EGF-Containing Fibulin-Like Extracellular Matrix Protein 2 2 3
  • Fibulin 4 2 3
  • FIBL-4 3 4
  • FBLN4 3 4
  • Mutant P53 Binding Protein 1 3
  • Protein UPH1 4
  • Fibulin-4 4
  • ARCL1B 3
  • MBP1 3
  • UPH1 3

External Ids for EFEMP2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for EFEMP2 Gene

  • GC11M068168
  • GC11M067315
  • GC11M065884
  • GC11M065409
  • GC11M065390
  • GC11M065633
  • GC11M061960

Summaries for EFEMP2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for EFEMP2 Gene

  • A large number of extracellular matrix proteins have been found to contain variations of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) domain and have been implicated in functions as diverse as blood coagulation, activation of complement and determination of cell fate during development. The protein encoded by this gene contains four EGF2 domains and six calcium-binding EGF2 domains. This gene is necessary for elastic fiber formation and connective tissue development. Defects in this gene are cause of an autosomal recessive cutis laxa syndrome. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2011]

GeneCards Summary for EFEMP2 Gene

EFEMP2 (EGF Containing Fibulin Extracellular Matrix Protein 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with EFEMP2 include Cutis Laxa, Autosomal Recessive, Type Ib and Efemp2-Related Cutis Laxa. Among its related pathways are ERK Signaling and Integrin Pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and extracellular matrix structural constituent. An important paralog of this gene is EFEMP1.

Gene Wiki entry for EFEMP2 Gene

Additional gene information for EFEMP2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for EFEMP2 Gene

Genomics for EFEMP2 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for EFEMP2 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for EFEMP2 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH11J065868 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 656.8 +1.9 1883 5.6 HDGF SMAD1 MLX ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A POLR2B ZNF207 ZNF143 KLF13 EFEMP2 ENSG00000258297 CTSW RBM14 MUS81 RBM4 KAT5 SNX32 ZFPL1 SSSCA1-AS1
GH11J065886 Promoter/Enhancer 2.7 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.3 -21.9 -21866 18.4 CLOCK ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 E2F8 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 FOSL1 FIBP DRAP1 RBM14 ENSG00000258297 KAT5 MUS81 SART1 SF3B2 RBM4
GH11J065095 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 9.8 +776.9 776899 2.2 ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC VPS51 ZFPL1 SF1 EIF1AD PCNX3 POLA2 SART1 FAU SF3B2 TRMT112
GH11J065115 Promoter/Enhancer 1.8 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.8 +756.2 756228 3.5 HDGF FOXA2 PKNOX1 CLOCK SMAD1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 IRF4 ENSG00000255173 ENSG00000278952 ZNHIT2 KAT5 LOC105369342 SF3B2 ZFPL1 DPF2 SAC3D1 RPS16P6
GH11J065851 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 6.8 +16.1 16108 12.2 CLOCK MLX ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF143 MUS81 CFL1 EIF1AD ENSG00000258297 POLA2 RBM14 SART1 PCNX3 RBM4 ZFPL1
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around EFEMP2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the EFEMP2 gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for EFEMP2 Gene

Genomic Locations for EFEMP2 Gene
7,152 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for EFEMP2 Gene

Genes around EFEMP2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
EFEMP2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for EFEMP2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for EFEMP2 Gene

Proteins for EFEMP2 Gene

  • Protein details for EFEMP2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    EGF-containing fibulin-like extracellular matrix protein 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K7R4
    • B3KM31
    • B3KQT1
    • O75967

    Protein attributes for EFEMP2 Gene

    443 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    49405 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with FBN1 (via N-terminal domain) (PubMed:17255108).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for EFEMP2 Gene

neXtProt entry for EFEMP2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for EFEMP2 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn394 and Asn198
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for EFEMP2 Gene

Domains & Families for EFEMP2 Gene

Gene Families for EFEMP2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for EFEMP2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the fibulin family.
  • Belongs to the fibulin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with EFEMP2: view

Function for EFEMP2 Gene

Molecular function for EFEMP2 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
EGF-containing fibrillin-like extracellular matrix protein 2,expressed in both fetal and adult retina in fetal brain,kidney and heart,EFEMP1 paralog

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for EFEMP2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for EFEMP2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005201 extracellular matrix structural constituent TAS 10601734
GO:0005509 calcium ion binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16189514
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with EFEMP2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with EFEMP2: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for EFEMP2 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for EFEMP2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for EFEMP2:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for EFEMP2

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for EFEMP2

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for EFEMP2 Gene

Localization for EFEMP2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EFEMP2 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for EFEMP2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 2
lysosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for EFEMP2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005604 basement membrane TAS 10601734
GO:0005615 extracellular space IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome HDA 19199708
GO:1903561 extracellular vesicle HDA 24769233
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with EFEMP2: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for EFEMP2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for EFEMP2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with EFEMP2: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for EFEMP2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0048251 elastic fiber assembly IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with EFEMP2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for EFEMP2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for EFEMP2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for EFEMP2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for EFEMP2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for EFEMP2 Gene

EGF containing fibulin-like extracellular matrix protein 2:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for EFEMP2

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for EFEMP2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12
SP1: - - - - -
SP2: - - -
SP4: - - - -
SP5: - - -
SP6: - -

Relevant External Links for EFEMP2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for EFEMP2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for EFEMP2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for EFEMP2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Gallbladder (20.4), Ovary (9.6), and Uterus (7.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for EFEMP2 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for EFEMP2 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of EFEMP2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for EFEMP2 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for EFEMP2 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.7)
  • Liver(4.1)
  • Muscle(2.5)
  • Lung(2)
  • Skin(2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for EFEMP2 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
  • urinary
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cheek
  • chin
  • ear
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • forehead
  • head
  • jaw
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • mouth
  • nose
  • outer ear
  • skull
  • aorta
  • chest wall
  • diaphragm
  • heart
  • heart valve
  • lung
  • rib
  • rib cage
  • sternum
  • abdominal wall
  • intestine
  • kidney
  • large intestine
  • liver
  • small intestine
  • stomach
  • placenta
  • ureter
  • urethra
  • urinary bladder
  • uterus
  • ankle
  • digit
  • elbow
  • finger
  • foot
  • hand
  • hip
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • shoulder
  • toe
  • upper limb
  • wrist
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • skin
  • white blood cell
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with EFEMP2: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for EFEMP2 Gene

Orthologs for EFEMP2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for EFEMP2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia EFEMP2 34 33
  • 99.55 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia EFEMP2 34 33
  • 90.97 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia EFEMP2 34 33
  • 90.97 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Efemp2 16 34 33
  • 88.34 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Efemp2 33
  • 88.11 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia EFEMP2 34
  • 82 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia EFEMP2 34
  • 69 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia EFEMP2 34
  • 72 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia efemp2 33
  • 70.63 (n)
Str.16372 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii efemp2a 34
  • 69 (a)
efemp2b 34 34
  • 65 (a)
wufb22f10 33
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.3862 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG31999 34
  • 17 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea fbl-1 34
  • 20 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 12 (a)
Species where no ortholog for EFEMP2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for EFEMP2 Gene

Gene Tree for EFEMP2 (if available)
Gene Tree for EFEMP2 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for EFEMP2: view image

Paralogs for EFEMP2 Gene

Paralogs for EFEMP2 Gene

(10) SIMAP similar genes for EFEMP2 Gene using alignment to 12 proteins:

  • E9PI47_HUMAN
  • Q6FH22_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with EFEMP2: view

Variants for EFEMP2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for EFEMP2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1008465800 uncertain-significance, Autosomal recessive cutis laxa type 1B 65,871,217(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs111550973 conflicting-interpretations-of-pathogenicity, benign, not specified, Autosomal recessive cutis laxa type 1B 65,870,662(-) C/T intron_variant
rs119489101 pathogenic, Autosomal recessive cutis laxa type 1B, Autosomal recessive cutis laxa type IA, Cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, 1B (ARCL1B) [MIM:614437] 65,871,355(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs119489102 pathogenic, Autosomal recessive cutis laxa type 1B, Autosomal recessive cutis laxa type IA, Cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, 1B (ARCL1B) [MIM:614437] 65,868,522(-) G/A coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs140946753 uncertain-significance, Cutis laxa, recessive 65,872,256(-) G/A/C coding_sequence_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant, synonymous_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for EFEMP2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2759834 CNV gain 17122850
esv999644 CNV deletion 20482838
nsv1159905 CNV duplication 26073780
nsv555215 CNV loss 21841781
nsv832191 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for EFEMP2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 24.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.18; 23.72% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for EFEMP2 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for EFEMP2 Gene

Disorders for EFEMP2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(10) MalaCards diseases for EFEMP2 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards


  • Cutis laxa, autosomal recessive, 1B (ARCL1B) [MIM:614437]: A connective tissue disorder characterized by loose, hyperextensible skin with decreased resilience and elasticity leading to a premature aged appearance. Face, hands, feet, joints, and torso may be differentially affected. The clinical spectrum of autosomal recessive cutis laxa is highly heterogeneous with respect to organ involvement and severity. ARCL1B features include emphysema, lethal pulmonary artery occlusion, aortic aneurysm, cardiopulmonary insufficiency, birth fractures, arachnodactyly, and fragility of blood vessels. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16685658, ECO:0000269 PubMed:17937443, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19664000}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for EFEMP2

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with EFEMP2: view

No data available for Genatlas for EFEMP2 Gene

Publications for EFEMP2 Gene

  1. Isolation of a paralog of the Doyne honeycomb retinal dystrophy gene from the multiple retinopathy critical region on 11q13. (PMID: 10982184) Katsanis N … Lupski JR (Human genetics 2000) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Sequence, recombinant expression and tissue localization of two novel extracellular matrix proteins, fibulin-3 and fibulin-4. (PMID: 10601734) Giltay R … Kostka G (Matrix biology : journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology 1999) 2 3 4 22 58
  3. Fibrillin-1 interactions with fibulins depend on the first hybrid domain and provide an adaptor function to tropoelastin. (PMID: 17255108) El-Hallous E … Reinhardt DP (The Journal of biological chemistry 2007) 3 4 22 58
  4. Fibulin-4: a novel gene for an autosomal recessive cutis laxa syndrome. (PMID: 16685658) Hucthagowder V … Urban Z (American journal of human genetics 2006) 3 4 22 58
  5. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is associated with polymorphisms in JAK1. (PMID: 20588308) Silva LK … Teixeira MG (European journal of human genetics : EJHG 2010) 3 44 58

Products for EFEMP2 Gene

Sources for EFEMP2 Gene

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