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Aliases for ECH1 Gene

Aliases for ECH1 Gene

  • Enoyl-CoA Hydratase 1 2 3 5
  • Delta3,5-Delta2,4-Dienoyl-Coenzyme A Isomerase 2 3
  • Enoyl Coenzyme A Hydratase 1, Peroxisomal 2 3
  • Enoyl-CoA Hydratase 1, Peroxisomal 2 3
  • Peroxisomal Enoyl-CoA Hydratase 1 2 3
  • Delta(3,5)-Delta(2,4)-Dienoyl-CoA Isomerase, Mitochondrial 3
  • Delta3,5-Delta2,4-Dienoyl-CoA Isomerase 3
  • Dienoyl-CoA Isomerase 3
  • EC 5.3.3.- 4
  • HPXEL 3

External Ids for ECH1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ECH1 Gene

  • GC19M039918
  • GC19M039697
  • GC19M043982
  • GC19M043997
  • GC19M039306
  • GC19M035752

Summaries for ECH1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for ECH1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the hydratase/isomerase superfamily. The gene product shows high sequence similarity to enoyl-coenzyme A (CoA) hydratases of several species, particularly within a conserved domain characteristic of these proteins. The encoded protein, which contains a C-terminal peroxisomal targeting sequence, localizes to the peroxisome. The rat ortholog, which localizes to the matrix of both the peroxisome and mitochondria, can isomerize 3-trans,5-cis-dienoyl-CoA to 2-trans,4-trans-dienoyl-CoA, indicating that it is a delta3,5-delta2,4-dienoyl-CoA isomerase. This enzyme functions in the auxiliary step of the fatty acid beta-oxidation pathway. Expression of the rat gene is induced by peroxisome proliferators. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for ECH1 Gene

ECH1 (Enoyl-CoA Hydratase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Valproic Acid Pathway, Pharmacokinetics and Fatty Acid Biosynthesis (WikiPathways). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include signaling receptor binding and isomerase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ECHDC2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ECH1 Gene

  • Isomerization of 3-trans,5-cis-dienoyl-CoA to 2-trans,4-trans-dienoyl-CoA.

Gene Wiki entry for ECH1 Gene

Additional gene information for ECH1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for ECH1 Gene

Genomics for ECH1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for ECH1 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for ECH1 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH19J038829 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 650.7 +0.7 680 4.6 ZFP64 FEZF1 DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF143 SP3 ECH1 HNRNPL ENSG00000266963 ENSG00000267375 ENSG00000269172 ENSG00000269445 LGALS14 LOC105372399 ENSG00000269792 CATSPERG
GH19J038810 Promoter/Enhancer 1.7 EPDnew ENCODE dbSUPER 5.7 +15.9 15850 11.1 FOXA2 PKNOX1 ATF1 ARNT YY1 TCF12 ZNF121 ZNF766 ZNF416 KLF7 LGALS4 ZNF573 HNRNPL ENSG00000269688 LGALS7 SUPT5H RN7SL566P LOC100631378 RINL PLEKHG2
GH19J038514 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 5.9 +316.8 316765 0.9 ATF1 SIN3A ZNF2 ZNF48 ZNF121 GLIS2 ARID2 ZNF143 KLF7 RUNX3 ECH1 LGALS7 CAPN12 ENSG00000269445 GC19P038502 RYR1
GH19J038806 Enhancer 0.9 ENCODE dbSUPER 5.7 +23.9 23927 2.2 BCOR YBX3 TAL1 KLF17 TCF12 ZNF366 CBFA2T2 KLF8 SP3 L3MBTL2 LGALS7B LGALS7 ZFP36 RPS16 ECH1 GC19P038813 LGALS4 RNU6-140P GC19M038968
GH19J038784 Enhancer 0.7 ENCODE 5.2 +47.3 47331 0.8 JUN CEBPG ZNF384 RAD21 FOSL1 ZNF121 ZNF614 ADNP TRIM24 FOSL2 LGALS7 ECH1 LGALS7B
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around ECH1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the ECH1 gene promoter:
  • ATF-2
  • deltaCREB
  • CREB
  • c-Jun
  • TBP
  • PPAR-gamma1
  • PPAR-gamma2
  • p300
  • Pax-5
  • MZF-1

Genomic Locations for ECH1 Gene

Genomic Locations for ECH1 Gene
16,584 bases
Minus strand
16,584 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for ECH1 Gene

Genes around ECH1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
ECH1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for ECH1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for ECH1 Gene

Proteins for ECH1 Gene

  • Protein details for ECH1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Delta(3,5)-Delta(2,4)-dienoyl-CoA isomerase, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K745
    • Q8WVX0
    • Q96EZ9

    Protein attributes for ECH1 Gene

    328 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    35816 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homohexamer.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for ECH1 Gene

neXtProt entry for ECH1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for ECH1 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at isoforms=276, isoforms=231, and isoforms=214
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for ECH1 Gene

Domains & Families for ECH1 Gene

Gene Families for ECH1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for ECH1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the enoyl-CoA hydratase/isomerase family.
  • Belongs to the enoyl-CoA hydratase/isomerase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with ECH1: view

Function for ECH1 Gene

Molecular function for ECH1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Isomerization of 3-trans,5-cis-dienoyl-CoA to 2-trans,4-trans-dienoyl-CoA.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
peroxisomal matrix protein,enoyl-CoA hydratase-like

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for ECH1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for ECH1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005102 signaling receptor binding IPI 20178365
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 15383276
GO:0016853 isomerase activity IEA --
GO:0051750 delta3,5-delta2,4-dienoyl-CoA isomerase activity IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ECH1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with ECH1: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for ECH1

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for ECH1

No data available for Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for ECH1 Gene

Localization for ECH1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ECH1 Gene

Mitochondrion. Peroxisome.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for ECH1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
mitochondrion 5
peroxisome 5
cytosol 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for ECH1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005777 peroxisome NAS 7558027
GO:0016020 membrane HDA 19946888
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome HDA 20458337
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ECH1: view

Pathways & Interactions for ECH1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with ECH1: view

Pathways by source for ECH1 Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for ECH1 Gene
1 PharmGKB pathway for ECH1 Gene
1 KEGG pathway for ECH1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q13011-ECH1_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Lipid metabolism; fatty acid beta-oxidation.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for ECH1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006629 lipid metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006631 fatty acid metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006635 fatty acid beta-oxidation IEA --
GO:0008152 metabolic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with ECH1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for ECH1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for ECH1 Gene

(1) Additional Compounds for ECH1 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • S-[(3E,5Z)-3,5-Octadienoate
  • S-[(3E,5Z)-3,5-Octadienoate CoA
  • S-[(3E,5Z)-3,5-Octadienoate coenzyme A
  • S-[(3E,5Z)-3,5-Octadienoic acid
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with ECH1: view

Transcripts for ECH1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for ECH1 Gene

Enoyl CoA hydratase 1, peroxisomal:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for ECH1

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for ECH1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e · 1f ^ 2a · 2b · 2c · 2d ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b · 10c
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - -
SP5: - - -
SP6: - - - -
SP7: - - - -
SP8: - -
SP9: - - - -
SP10: - - -
SP11: - -
SP12: - - -

Relevant External Links for ECH1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for ECH1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for ECH1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for ECH1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Heart - Left Ventricle (x4.8).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for ECH1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver, secretome (13.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for ECH1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for ECH1 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of ECH1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for ECH1 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for ECH1 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.8)
  • Liver(4.7)
  • Muscle(4.7)
  • Blood(4.4)
  • Eye(4.4)
  • Pancreas(3.8)
  • Kidney(3.6)
  • Intestine(3.3)
  • Lung(3.3)
  • Heart(3.1)
  • Skin(2.5)
  • Lymph node(2.3)
  • Adrenal gland(2.1)
  • Spleen(2)
  • Stomach(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with ECH1: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for ECH1 Gene

Orthologs for ECH1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for ECH1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ECH1 34 33
  • 97.56 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia ECH1 34 33
  • 84.22 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia ECH1 34 33
  • 83.02 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Ech1 16 34 33
  • 79.92 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Ech1 33
  • 79.92 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia ECH1 34
  • 78 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia ECH1 34
  • 72 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves ECH1 34 33
  • 67.91 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia ECH1 34
  • 62 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia ech1 33
  • 67.02 (n)
Str.16617 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.24814 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii ech1 34 33
  • 66.67 (n)
ECH1 (2 of 2) 34
  • 51 (a)
Dr.14998 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG9577 34 35 33
  • 61.15 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP002661 33
  • 58.21 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea F58A6.1 34 35 33
  • 51.04 (n)
Y25C1A.13 34 35
  • 42 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons DCI1 33
  • 47.3 (n)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os01g0925200 33
  • 53.55 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.2191 34
  • 63 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU06647 33
  • 54.17 (n)
Species where no ortholog for ECH1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for ECH1 Gene

Gene Tree for ECH1 (if available)
Gene Tree for ECH1 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for ECH1: view image

Paralogs for ECH1 Gene

Paralogs for ECH1 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for ECH1 Gene using alignment to 8 proteins:

  • M0R1A2_HUMAN
  • M0R248_HUMAN
  • M0R280_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with ECH1: view

Variants for ECH1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for ECH1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000209634 -- 38,825,027(-) C/A intron_variant
rs1000481761 -- 38,819,235(-) G/T intron_variant
rs1000489116 -- 38,828,785(-) T/C intron_variant
rs1001046589 -- 38,828,910(-) C/T intron_variant
rs1001430739 -- 38,829,771(-) G/A intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for ECH1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv175 OTHER inversion 15895083
nsv7307 OTHER inversion 18451855
nsv9722 CNV gain 18304495

Variation tolerance for ECH1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 50.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 9.68; 89.23% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for ECH1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ECH1 Gene

Disorders for ECH1 Gene

Additional Disease Information for ECH1

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology

No disorders were found for ECH1 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for ECH1 Gene

Publications for ECH1 Gene

  1. Isolation and characterization of rat and human cDNAs encoding a novel putative peroxisomal enoyl-CoA hydratase. (PMID: 7558027) FitzPatrick DR … Valle D (Genomics 1995) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson SL … O'Brien SJ (PloS one 2010) 3 44 58
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58
  4. Architecture of the human interactome defines protein communities and disease networks. (PMID: 28514442) Huttlin EL … Harper JW (Nature 2017) 3 58
  5. Mitochondrial Protein Interaction Mapping Identifies Regulators of Respiratory Chain Function. (PMID: 27499296) Floyd BJ … Pagliarini DJ (Molecular cell 2016) 3 58

Products for ECH1 Gene

Sources for ECH1 Gene

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