Aliases for DUOX1 Gene
External Ids for DUOX1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DUOX1 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a glycoprotein and a member of the NADPH oxidase family. The synthesis of thyroid hormone is catalyzed by a protein complex located at the apical membrane of thyroid follicular cells. This complex contains an iodide transporter, thyroperoxidase, and a peroxide generating system that includes proteins encoded by this gene and the similar DUOX2 gene. This protein is known as dual oxidase because it has both a peroxidase homology domain and a gp91phox domain. This protein generates hydrogen peroxide and thereby plays a role in the activity of thyroid peroxidase, lactoperoxidase, and in lactoperoxidase-mediated antimicrobial defense at mucosal surfaces. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]
GeneCards Summary for DUOX1 Gene
DUOX1 (Dual Oxidase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DUOX1 include Congenital Hypothyroidism and Phagocyte Bactericidal Dysfunction. Among its related pathways are Viral mRNA Translation and Amine-derived hormones. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calcium ion binding and heme binding. An important paralog of this gene is DUOX2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DUOX1 Gene
Generates hydrogen peroxide which is required for the activity of thyroid peroxidase/TPO and lactoperoxidase/LPO. Plays a role in thyroid hormones synthesis and lactoperoxidase-mediated antimicrobial defense at the surface of mucosa. May have its own peroxidase activity through its N-terminal peroxidase-like domain.