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Aliases for DSEL Gene

Aliases for DSEL Gene

  • Dermatan Sulfate Epimerase Like 2 3
  • Dermatan Sulfate Epimerase-Like 2 5
  • C18orf4 3 4
  • NCAG1 3 4
  • Dermatan-Sulfate Epimerase-Like Protein 3
  • Chromosome 18 Open Reading Frame 4 2
  • EC 5.1.-.- 4
  • DE-Epi2 3

External Ids for DSEL Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for DSEL Gene

  • C18orf4

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DSEL Gene

  • GC18M063325
  • GC18M065173
  • GC18M061894

Summaries for DSEL Gene

GeneCards Summary for DSEL Gene

DSEL (Dermatan Sulfate Epimerase Like) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Metabolism and Glycosaminoglycan metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include sulfotransferase activity and isomerase activity. An important paralog of this gene is DSE.

Additional gene information for DSEL Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DSEL Gene

Genomics for DSEL Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for DSEL Gene

Promoters and enhancers for DSEL Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH18J067514 Promoter/Enhancer 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE 650.7 +0.5 548 3.4 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF48 RAD21 YY1 ZNF335 GLIS2 EGR1 ZNF366 SCRT2 LOC643542 DSEL ENSG00000260578 ENSG00000263424
GH18J067217 Enhancer 0.6 ENCODE 10.8 +299.2 299201 0.2 CTCF ZNF654 TRIM22 REST RAD21 SMC3 ZNF143 RUNX3 DEK DSEL GC18P067256 RPL31P9
GH18J067417 Enhancer 0.6 Ensembl ENCODE 10.4 +98.8 98766 1.4 IRF2 PRDM1 DSEL GC18P067446 GC18M067379
GH18J067232 Enhancer 0.6 Ensembl ENCODE 10.3 +284.2 284153 1.4 NANOG JUN POU5F1 DSEL GC18P067256 RPL31P9
GH18J067620 Enhancer 0.6 ENCODE 10.2 -104.6 -104646 2.1 RXRA MAX REST RAD21 GABPA YY1 SP1 JUND ATF3 EGR1 DSEL LOC105372174 GC18M067603 LOC643542
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around DSEL on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the DSEL gene promoter:
  • LHX3b
  • Lhx3a
  • HNF-1A
  • HNF-1
  • Sox5
  • Chx10
  • CUTL1
  • aMEF-2

Genomic Locations for DSEL Gene

Genomic Locations for DSEL Gene
10,399 bases
Minus strand
10,399 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for DSEL Gene

Genes around DSEL on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
DSEL Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for DSEL Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DSEL Gene

Proteins for DSEL Gene

  • Protein details for DSEL Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Dermatan-sulfate epimerase-like protein
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q17RH1
    • Q6P5Z3

    Protein attributes for DSEL Gene

    1212 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    139238 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=AAI17326.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=AAN32895.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

neXtProt entry for DSEL Gene

Post-translational modifications for DSEL Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn874, Asn709, Asn688, Asn666, and Asn28
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for DSEL Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for DSEL Gene

Domains & Families for DSEL Gene

Gene Families for DSEL Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted membrane proteins

Protein Domains for DSEL Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DSEL Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the dermatan-sulfate isomerase family.
  • Belongs to the dermatan-sulfate isomerase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DSEL: view

Function for DSEL Gene

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for DSEL Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for DSEL Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for DSEL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008146 sulfotransferase activity IEA --
GO:0016853 isomerase activity IEA --
GO:0047757 chondroitin-glucuronate 5-epimerase activity TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DSEL: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DSEL: view

Animal Models for DSEL Gene

MGI Knock Outs for DSEL:
  • Dsel Dsel<tm1Mmac>

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for DSEL Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target DSEL

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for DSEL

Clone Products

No data available for Molecular function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DSEL Gene

Localization for DSEL Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DSEL Gene

Membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DSEL gene
Compartment Confidence
golgi apparatus 5
plasma membrane 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Nucleoplasm (2)
  • Plasma membrane (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DSEL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000139 Golgi membrane TAS --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DSEL: view

Pathways & Interactions for DSEL Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with DSEL: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DSEL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0030204 chondroitin sulfate metabolic process IEA --
GO:0030205 dermatan sulfate metabolic process IEA --
GO:0030208 dermatan sulfate biosynthetic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DSEL: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for DSEL Gene

Drugs & Compounds for DSEL Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for DSEL Gene

mRNA/cDNA for DSEL Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(6) Additional mRNA sequences :
(44) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for DSEL Gene

Dermatan sulfate epimerase-like:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for DSEL

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DSEL Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for DSEL Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for DSEL Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for DSEL Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for DSEL Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Fetal ovary (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for DSEL Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for DSEL Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of DSEL Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DSEL Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for DSEL Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in different brain areas as well as in multiple other peripheral tissues.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for DSEL Gene

  • Nervous system(4.3)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with DSEL: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for DSEL Gene

Orthologs for DSEL Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for DSEL Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia DSEL 34 33
  • 99.86 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia DSEL 34 33
  • 92.38 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Dsel 16 34 33
  • 88.73 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Dsel 33
  • 88.01 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DSEL 34 33
  • 86.36 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia DSEL 34
  • 83 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia DSEL 34
  • 77 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves DSEL 34 33
  • 76.49 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia DSEL 34
  • 77 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia dsel 33
  • 70.65 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii dsela 34 33
  • 62.78 (n)
DSEL (2 of 2) 34
  • 62 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 39 (a)
Species where no ortholog for DSEL was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for DSEL Gene

Gene Tree for DSEL (if available)
Gene Tree for DSEL (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for DSEL: view image

Paralogs for DSEL Gene

Paralogs for DSEL Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for DSEL Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with DSEL: view

Variants for DSEL Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DSEL Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 18 pos Variation AA Info Type
VAR_036528 A colorectal cancer sample p.Lys1090Glu
rs1000207547 -- 67,517,243(-) C/T upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000297904 -- 67,507,484(-) C/A 3_prime_UTR_variant
rs1000630533 -- 67,508,915(-) T/C 3_prime_UTR_variant
rs1001057109 -- 67,518,540(-) T/A upstream_transcript_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DSEL Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv577312 CNV loss 21841781
nsv577311 CNV loss 21841781
nsv577302 CNV loss 21841781
nsv577157 CNV loss 21841781
nsv458102 CNV loss 19166990
nsv1057236 CNV loss 25217958
esv3642903 CNV gain 21293372
dgv3383n100 CNV gain 25217958

Variation tolerance for DSEL Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 44.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 10.69; 91.47% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for DSEL Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DSEL Gene

Disorders for DSEL Gene

Additional Disease Information for DSEL

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology

No disorders were found for DSEL Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for DSEL Gene

Publications for DSEL Gene

  1. Genome-wide association study of recurrent early-onset major depressive disorder. (PMID: 20125088) Shi J … Levinson DF (Molecular psychiatry 2011) 3 44 58
  2. A genome-wide study of common SNPs and CNVs in cognitive performance in the CANTAB. (PMID: 19734545) Need AC … Goldstein DB (Human molecular genetics 2009) 3 44 58
  3. Two dermatan sulfate epimerases form iduronic acid domains in dermatan sulfate. (PMID: 19188366) Pacheco B … Maccarana M (The Journal of biological chemistry 2009) 2 3 58
  4. Biosynthesis of dermatan sulfate: chondroitin-glucuronate C5-epimerase is identical to SART2. (PMID: 16505484) Maccarana M … Malmström A (The Journal of biological chemistry 2006) 2 3 58
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58

Products for DSEL Gene

Sources for DSEL Gene

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