Aliases for DROSHA Gene
External Ids for DROSHA Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for DROSHA Gene
This gene encodes a ribonuclease (RNase) III double-stranded RNA-specific ribonuclease and subunit of the microprocessor protein complex, which catalyzes the initial processing step of microRNA (miRNA) synthesis. The encoded protein cleaves the stem loop structure from the primary microRNA (pri-miRNA) in the nucleus, yielding the precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is then exported to the cytoplasm for further processing. In a human cell line lacking a functional copy of this gene, canonical miRNA synthesis is reduced. Somatic mutations in this gene have been observed in human patients with kidney cancer. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2016]
GeneCards Summary for DROSHA Gene
DROSHA (Drosha Ribonuclease III) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DROSHA include Pineoblastoma and Digeorge Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Proteoglycans in cancer and Tat-mediated elongation of the HIV-1 transcript. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include RNA binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for DROSHA Gene
Ribonuclease III double-stranded (ds) RNA-specific endoribonuclease that is involved in the initial step of microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis. Component of the microprocessor complex that is required to process primary miRNA transcripts (pri-miRNAs) to release precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA) in the nucleus. Within the microprocessor complex, DROSHA cleaves the 3' and 5' strands of a stem-loop in pri-miRNAs (processing center 11 bp from the dsRNA-ssRNA junction) to release hairpin-shaped pre-miRNAs that are subsequently cut by the cytoplasmic DICER to generate mature miRNAs. Involved also in pre-rRNA processing. Cleaves double-strand RNA and does not cleave single-strand RNA. Involved in the formation of GW bodies.