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Aliases for DRC1 Gene

Aliases for DRC1 Gene

  • Dynein Regulatory Complex Subunit 1 2 3 5
  • Coiled-Coil Domain-Containing Protein 164 3 4
  • C2orf39 3 4
  • CCDC164 3 4
  • Dynein Regulatory Complex Subunit 1 Homolog (Chlamydomonas) 2
  • Dynein Regulatory Complex Protein 1 3
  • Chromosome 2 Open Reading Frame 39 2
  • Coiled-Coil Domain Containing 164 2
  • CILD21 3

External Ids for DRC1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for DRC1 Gene

  • C2orf39
  • CCDC164

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DRC1 Gene

  • GC02P026626

Summaries for DRC1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for DRC1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a central component of the nexin-dynein complex (N-DRC), which regulates the assembly of ciliary dynein. Mutations in this gene can cause ciliary dyskinesia. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]

GeneCards Summary for DRC1 Gene

DRC1 (Dynein Regulatory Complex Subunit 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DRC1 include Ciliary Dyskinesia, Primary, 21 and Ciliary Dyskinesia, Primary, 1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DRC1 Gene

  • Key component of the nexin-dynein regulatory complex (N-DRC), essential for N-DRC integrity. Required for the assembly and regulation of specific classes of inner dynein arm motors. May also function to restrict dynein-driven microtubule sliding, thus aiding in the generation of ciliary bending.

Additional gene information for DRC1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for DRC1 Gene

Genomics for DRC1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for DRC1 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for DRC1 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH02I026401 Promoter/Enhancer 1.7 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 550.8 +0.2 150 1.5 CTCF MXI1 SIN3A BMI1 ZNF335 ZNF121 E2F1 ZFHX2 POLR2A ZBTB48 DRC1 ADGRF3 OTOF
GH02I026298 Enhancer 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.7 -102.1 -102069 3.3 HDGF DMAP1 BATF ZNF48 YY1 ZNF335 EGR1 ZNF143 ETV6 BCLAF1 LOC105374334 HADHB HADHA ADGRF3 DRC1 GAREM2 GC02M026305 GC02P026059
GH02I026454 Enhancer 1 Ensembl ENCODE 10.9 +54.7 54652 3.7 ELF3 MLX ARID4B DMAP1 DNMT3B ZSCAN9 RARA ETS1 FOS THAP11 DRC1 HADHB OTOF
GH02I026438 Enhancer 0.5 ENCODE 11 +37.0 37038 1.8 IKZF1 REST ZBTB40 SPI1 DRC1 HADHA HADHB CENPA OTOF
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around DRC1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Locations for DRC1 Gene

Genomic Locations for DRC1 Gene
54,798 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for DRC1 Gene

Genes around DRC1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
DRC1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for DRC1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for DRC1 Gene

Proteins for DRC1 Gene

  • Protein details for DRC1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Dynein regulatory complex protein 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K1N8
    • Q53R91
    • Q53TA3
    • Q8NDI5

    Protein attributes for DRC1 Gene

    740 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    87134 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for DRC1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for DRC1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for DRC1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for DRC1 Gene

Domains & Families for DRC1 Gene

Gene Families for DRC1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for DRC1 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for DRC1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the DRC1 family.
  • Belongs to the DRC1 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with DRC1: view

Function for DRC1 Gene

Molecular function for DRC1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Key component of the nexin-dynein regulatory complex (N-DRC), essential for N-DRC integrity. Required for the assembly and regulation of specific classes of inner dynein arm motors. May also function to restrict dynein-driven microtubule sliding, thus aiding in the generation of ciliary bending.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for DRC1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with DRC1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for DRC1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for DRC1 Gene

Localization for DRC1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DRC1 Gene

Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, cilium axoneme.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for DRC1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 4
nucleus 2
cytosol 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for DRC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0005929 cilium IEA --
GO:0005930 axoneme ISS --
GO:0042995 cell projection IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DRC1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for DRC1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for DRC1 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for DRC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007368 determination of left/right symmetry IEA --
GO:0007507 heart development IEA --
GO:0060285 cilium-dependent cell motility IMP 23354437
GO:0070286 axonemal dynein complex assembly IMP 23354437
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with DRC1: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for DRC1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for DRC1 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for DRC1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for DRC1 Gene

Dynein regulatory complex subunit 1 homolog (Chlamydomonas):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for DRC1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17 ^ 18
SP1: - - -
SP2: - -
SP3: - - -

Relevant External Links for DRC1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for DRC1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for DRC1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for DRC1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x17.8) and Brain - Hypothalamus (x4.9).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for DRC1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adipocyte (67.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for DRC1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for DRC1 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of DRC1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for DRC1 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for DRC1 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for DRC1 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • endocrine
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • lymphatic
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • respiratory
  • skeleton
  • urinary
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cranial nerve
  • ear
  • epiglottis
  • eye
  • head
  • larynx
  • meninges
  • middle ear
  • mouth
  • neck
  • nose
  • olfactory bulb
  • outer ear
  • pharynx
  • sinus
  • skull
  • bronchus
  • lung
  • trachea
  • spleen
  • ovary
  • testicle
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • peripheral nervous system
  • white blood cell
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with DRC1: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for DRC1 Gene

Orthologs for DRC1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for DRC1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia CCDC164 34 33
  • 99.5 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia CCDC164 33
  • 86.29 (n)
DRC1 34
  • 86 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia DRC1 33 34
  • 85.02 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Drc1 33 16 34
  • 79.21 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Drc1 33
  • 79.09 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 77 (a)
-- 34
  • 68 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia DRC1 34
  • 64 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves CCDC164 33
  • 63.47 (n)
DRC1 34
  • 51 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia DRC1 34
  • 48 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia drc1 33
  • 62.1 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia MGC68877 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii drc1 33 34
  • 59.23 (n)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.9642 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG10958 33 34
  • 44.64 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP002143 33
  • 42.53 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 47 (a)
Species where no ortholog for DRC1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for DRC1 Gene

Gene Tree for DRC1 (if available)
Gene Tree for DRC1 (if available)

Paralogs for DRC1 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for DRC1 Gene

Variants for DRC1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for DRC1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1060501406 uncertain-significance, Primary ciliary dyskinesia 26,440,474(+) G/A coding_sequence_variant, intron_variant, missense_variant
rs114106015 benign, Primary ciliary dyskinesia 26,455,137(+) C/G/T coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs115095929 benign, Primary ciliary dyskinesia 26,455,214(+) A/C coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs116119084 benign, Primary ciliary dyskinesia 26,454,728(+) A/G coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs116549039 benign, Primary ciliary dyskinesia, not specified 26,402,025(+) G/C 5_prime_UTR_variant, coding_sequence_variant, genic_upstream_transcript_variant, synonymous_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for DRC1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2657536 CNV deletion 23128226
esv33316 CNV loss 17666407
esv3583675 CNV loss 25503493
esv3590122 CNV loss 21293372
nsv517800 CNV loss 19592680

Variation tolerance for DRC1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 97.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 13.63; 95.66% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for DRC1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DRC1 Gene

Disorders for DRC1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(4) MalaCards diseases for DRC1 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
ciliary dyskinesia, primary, 21
  • cild21
ciliary dyskinesia, primary, 1
  • pcd
kartagener syndrome
  • kartagener's syndrome
primary ciliary dyskinesia
  • ciliary motility disorder
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search DRC1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Ciliary dyskinesia, primary, 21 (CILD21) [MIM:615294]: A disorder characterized by abnormalities of motile cilia. Respiratory infections leading to chronic inflammation and bronchiectasis are recurrent, due to defects in the respiratory cilia. Patients may exhibit randomization of left-right body asymmetry and situs inversus, due to dysfunction of monocilia at the embryonic node. Primary ciliary dyskinesia associated with situs inversus is referred to as Kartagener syndrome. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23354437, ECO:0000269 PubMed:25186273}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for DRC1

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with DRC1: view

No data available for Genatlas for DRC1 Gene

Publications for DRC1 Gene

  1. The nexin-dynein regulatory complex subunit DRC1 is essential for motile cilia function in algae and humans. (PMID: 23354437) Wirschell M … Omran H (Nature genetics 2013) 2 3 4 58
  2. Ciliary beat pattern and frequency in genetic variants of primary ciliary dyskinesia. (PMID: 25186273) Raidt J … Werner C (The European respiratory journal 2014) 3 4 58
  3. Generation and annotation of the DNA sequences of human chromosomes 2 and 4. (PMID: 15815621) Hillier LW … Wilson RK (Nature 2005) 3 4 58
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 58
  5. Panorama of ancient metazoan macromolecular complexes. (PMID: 26344197) Wan C … Emili A (Nature 2015) 3 58

Products for DRC1 Gene

Sources for DRC1 Gene

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