Aliases for DPPA3 Gene
External Ids for DPPA3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DPPA3 Gene
This gene encodes a protein that in mice may function as a maternal factor during the preimplantation stage of development. In mice, this gene may play a role in transcriptional repression, cell division, and maintenance of cell pluripotentiality. In humans, related intronless loci are located on chromosomes 14 and X. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for DPPA3 Gene
DPPA3 (Developmental Pluripotency Associated 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Preimplantation Embryo. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include methylated histone binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DPPA3 Gene
Primordial germ cell (PGCs)-specific protein involved in epigenetic chromatin reprogramming in the zygote following fertilization. In zygotes, DNA demethylation occurs selectively in the paternal pronucleus before the first cell division, while the adjacent maternal pronucleus and certain paternally-imprinted loci are protected from this process. Participates in protection of DNA methylation in the maternal pronucleus by preventing conversion of 5mC to 5hmC: specifically recognizes and binds histone H3 dimethylated at Lys-9 (H3K9me2) on maternal genome, and protects maternal genome from TET3-mediated conversion to 5hmC and subsequent DNA demethylation. Does not bind paternal chromatin, which is mainly packed into protamine and does not contain much H3K9me2 mark. Also protects imprinted loci that are marked with H3K9me2 in mature sperm from DNA demethylation in early embryogenesis. May be important for the totipotent/pluripotent states continuing through preimplantation development. Also involved in chromatin condensation in oocytogenesis (By similarity).