Aliases for DMGDH Gene
External Ids for DMGDH Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DMGDH Gene
This gene encodes an enzyme involved in the catabolism of choline, catalyzing the oxidative demethylation of dimethylglycine to form sarcosine. The enzyme is found as a monomer in the mitochondrial matrix, and uses flavin adenine dinucleotide and folate as cofactors. Mutation in this gene causes dimethylglycine dehydrogenase deficiency, characterized by a fishlike body odor, chronic muscle fatigue, and elevated levels of the muscle form of creatine kinase in serum. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]
GeneCards Summary for DMGDH Gene
DMGDH (Dimethylglycine Dehydrogenase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DMGDH include Dimethylglycine Dehydrogenase Deficiency and Sarcosinemia. Among its related pathways are Glycerophospholipid biosynthesis and Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include electron transfer activity. An important paralog of this gene is SARDH.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for DMGDH Gene
Catalyzes the demethylation of N,N-dimethylglycine to sarcosine. Also has activity with sarcosine in vitro.