Aliases for DLG5 Gene
External Ids for DLG5 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DLG5 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the family of discs large (DLG) homologs, a subset of the membrane-associated guanylate kinase (MAGUK) superfamily. The MAGUK proteins are composed of a catalytically inactive guanylate kinase domain, in addition to PDZ and SH3 domains, and are thought to function as scaffolding molecules at sites of cell-cell contact. The protein encoded by this gene localizes to the plasma membrane and cytoplasm, and interacts with components of adherens junctions and the cytoskeleton. It is proposed to function in the transmission of extracellular signals to the cytoskeleton and in the maintenance of epithelial cell structure. Alternative splice variants have been described but their biological nature has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for DLG5 Gene
DLG5 (Discs Large MAGUK Scaffold Protein 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DLG5 include Inflammatory Bowel Disease 5 and Inflammatory Bowel Disease 2. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include beta-catenin binding and receptor signaling complex scaffold activity. An important paralog of this gene is ENSG00000285130.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for DLG5 Gene
Acts as a regulator of the Hippo signaling pathway (PubMed:28087714, PubMed:28169360). Negatively regulates the Hippo signaling pathway by mediating the interaction of MARK3 with STK3/4, bringing them together to promote MARK3-dependent hyperphosphorylation and inactivation of STK3 kinase activity toward LATS1 (PubMed:28087714). Positively regulates the Hippo signaling pathway by mediating the interaction of SCRIB with STK4/MST1 and LATS1 which is important for the activation of the Hippo signaling pathway. Involved in regulating cell proliferation, maintenance of epithelial polarity, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), cell migration and invasion (PubMed:28169360). Plays an important role in dendritic spine formation and synaptogenesis in cortical neurons; regulates synaptogenesis by enhancing the cell surface localization of N-cadherin. Acts as a positive regulator of hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway. Plays a critical role in the early point of the SMO activity cycle by interacting with SMO at the ciliary base to induce the accumulation of KIF7 and GLI2 at the ciliary tip for GLI2 activation (By similarity).