Aliases for DGKI Gene
External Ids for DGKI Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for DGKI Gene
This gene is a member of the type IV diacylglycerol kinase subfamily. Diacylglycerol kinases regulate the intracellular concentration of diacylglycerol through its phosphorylation, producing phosphatidic acid. The specific role of the enzyme encoded by this gene is undetermined, however, it may play a crucial role in the production of phosphatidic acid in the retina or in recessive forms of retinal degeneration. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for DGKI Gene
DGKI (Diacylglycerol Kinase Iota) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with DGKI include Dyslexia and Retinal Degeneration. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Effects of PIP2 hydrolysis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include NAD+ kinase activity and diacylglycerol kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is DGKZ.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for DGKI Gene
Diacylglycerol kinase that converts diacylglycerol/DAG into phosphatidic acid/phosphatidate/PA and regulates the respective levels of these two bioactive lipids (PubMed:9830018, PubMed:23949095). Thereby, acts as a central switch between the signaling pathways activated by these second messengers with different cellular targets and opposite effects in numerous biological processes (Probable). Has probably no preference for any of the diacylglycerols in terms of the acyl chain composition, especially for the acyl chain at the sn-2 position (PubMed:9830018). By controlling the diacylglycerol/DAG-mediated activation of RASGRP3, negatively regulates the Rap1 signaling pathway. May play a role in presynaptic diacylglycerol/DAG signaling and control neurotransmitter release during metabotropic glutamate receptor-dependent long-term depression (By similarity).
Diacylglycerol kinases (DGKs) are a group of ten enzymes that metabolize 1,2,diacylglycerol (DAG) to produce phosphatidic acid (PA). They all contain a conserved C'-terminal catalytic domain and two cysteine-rich Zn2+-finger motifs with varied regulatory domains.